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description Journal article public Maraji` Journal of Islamic Studies

Humanisme Dalam Tafsir Marâh Labîd Karya Nawawî Al-Bantanî

Naufal Cholily
Published 1 Marzo 2016

Abstract

The article attempts to scrutinize the concept of humanism in Nawawî al-Bantanî al-Jâwî's masterpiece Marâh Labîd li Kashf Ma‘ânî al-Qur'ân al-Majîd. When interpreting the Quranic verses on the issue of equal rights of human, Nawawî did not take such matters as the difference of lineage, groups and religions into accounts. He prudently emphasized that all people possess equal right and position before God. This can be clearly observed when he particularly interpreted the verses on justice in which he stressed that justice is enforced on the basis of truth. Although Nawawî did not explicitly mention the term of brotherhood out of in-religion brotherhood, he stated a number of terms such as akh fî al-dîn, akh fî al-nasab, and akh fî al-suhbah. He also implicitly acknowledged other kinds of brotherhood such as ukhuwwah watanîyah and ukhuwwah insânîyah. In the context of human's freedom, Nawawî put great emphasis on human's sovereignty to choose his/her belief and religion. He stressed at the same time that each person will, however, be responsible for his/her choice along with it consequences. Nawawî also promulgated harmonious interrelation between Muslims and other religious adherents as long as it has nothing to do with the very core of Islamic doctrine, i.e. ‘aqîdah.

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