MULTI STAKEHOLDER INITIATIVE PRACTICES: PROMOTION OF GOOD GOVERNANCE (A CASE OF COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT PROJECT IN PESANGGARAHAN VILLAGE, BATU DISTRICT, CITY OF BATU, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA)

Ayu Kusumastuti

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Abstract

The research aims to look at the multi stakeholder initiatives practices in the community empowerment in Pesanggrahan Village, Batu City, East Java. Multi stakeholder initiatives are the form of collective arrangement to realize the development by prioritizing the process with much diversity. The purposes of this research are: First, to identify the number of stakeholders attending the empowerment program in Batu City; Second, to identify by characterizing and typologizing the stakeholders; and Third, to analyze good governance in the development.

The research used qualitative method with management tool of Stakeholder Analysis. The analysis aims to evaluate and understand the stakeholder from the organizational perspective, or to determine the relevance to the project or policy. Data collection was achieved by structured interview and observation as well as documentary study.

There were 10 stakeholders attending the empowerment program in Pesanggrahan Village. The stakeholders in this empowerment program were divided into 2 types: the primary stakeholder, which is the farmers and secondary stakeholder from the government, private sector, and civil society. Additionally, in this stakeholder analysis, the research found 6 typologies of stakeholders related to the empowerment effort in Pesanggrahan Village: dormant, dominant, discretional, demanding, dependent and definitive stakeholder.

The governmental organization with many stakeholders actually showed the pattern of good governance policy with participation and trust principles. Implementation of good governance with participation and trust principles also showed the pattern of multi stakeholder initiatives. These multi stakeholder initiatives were able to answer the challenge of development that is bottom-up, participative and democratic. This cannot be separated from the “devolved” development model, that is the development with commitment of decentralization/transfer of authority.

Keywords: stakeholder analysis, community empowerment, good governance.

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