Rice for the Poor (Rastra) and Non-Cash Food Assistance (BPNT) Programs are among the policy instruments for poverty alleviation. Rastra, formerly a subsidy policy, was partly transformed into assistance design through BPNT Program since 2017. This study aims to assess effectiveness of Rastra and BPNT in terms of 6R aspects, i.e. Right Target, Right Amount, Right Price, Right Time, Right Quality, and Right Administration. Primary data were collected from sample cities implementing these programs. This study used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. It is necessary to improve target beneficiaries, assistance receiving time, rice quality, and e-warong readiness. As instruments of poverty alleviation, Rastra and BPNT were implemented in an integrated manner based on the surplus and deficit areas. Subsidy design (Rastra) transformation into non-cash food assistance (BPNT) should be implemented gradually. Bulog needs to improve farmers' rice purchase and to increase government's rice reserve.