Journal article // Eureka: Health Sciences






The Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Deforming Arthrosis of Professional Etiology in Miners
Angela Basanets, Maria Bulavko

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Abstract

The paper analyzes the effectiveness of magnetic resonance imaging with cartilage diagram in diagnosing signs of professional deforming arthrosis of knee joints in miners working in conditions of significant physical loading.Aim of the research – to determine of diagnostic efficiency of indicators of magnetic resonance imaging of the knee joint and cartilage diagram in miners of the main occupations suffering from deforming arthrosis.Methods. The research is conducted in 30 miners of basic occupations: 20 mining workers of breakage face (MWBF) and 10 machinists of shearer mining machines (МSMM) have been treated in the inpatient department of occupational pathology of the Lviv Regional Clinical Hospital in 2015-2017 due to deforming arthrosis. Damages of the main anatomical elements of the knee joint with arthrosis were analyzed, visualized initially with the help of MRI, and then - cartilage diagram.Results. According to the MRI data, in miners of the main occupations with arthrosis of the knee joint the posterior cross-shaped ligament are most commonly affected (in 75.0±9.7 % MWBF and 70.0±14.5 % МSMM), damage to the medial collateral ligament are diagnosed less frequently (in 5.0±4.9 % in the MWBF and in 10.0±9.5 % in the МSMM). On average 3.8±0.4 modified elements of the knee joint are visualized in patients, whereas 4.8±0.1 affected areas are visualized on the cartilage diagram (р<0.05). In 86.7±6.2 % patients, in the analysis of cartilage diagram, changes in all five analyzed areas are diagnosed, indicating a higher efficiency of the diagnosis of changes in the structures of the joint with DA of the professional etiology of the method of cartilage diagram compared with MRI. According to the cartilage diagram the most significant changes are noted in the hypertrophy of the femur: among all miners 62.5±0.3 ms (medial) and 62.6±0.4 ms (lateral), in the MWBF group the average time of Т2-delay is the largest in the area of the medial hypertrophy of the femur is 60.9±2.3 ms, in the МSMM group – in the area of the lateral hypertrophy of the femur: 66.7±3.3 ms, which can be linked to the peculiarities of the forced working position of miners of these professions and the kinetics of joint structures.These results can be used to diagnose the initial lesions of joint structures with DA of professional genesis, as well as the creation of prognostic models for determining the the degree of risk of development of knee joint damage, which will allow to improve the system of personified approach to diagnostic and preventive measures in working persons in conditions of considerable physical activity and forced working position.

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