The quality of medical care depends on the training of specialists, carried out, in particular, through continuous medical education.Aim. To form the recommendations for improving the postgraduate medical education system in the context of the overall reform of the health care system.Materials and methods. The survey involved 823 doctors who were starting the training at the qualification improvement courses (27.40 % – males and 70.60 % – females) aged from 24 to 50+. In order to realize the purpose of the study we used, as the main method of social psychological information collecting, the method of questioning in the form of standardized (formalized) interview.Results. Doctors of all specialties used knowledge acquired during previous courses, although with certain differences. Significant difference was found in satisfaction with the level of obtained practical skills during previous courses: 81.04±1.66 % of surgeons, therapeutic, pediatric, dental specialists were very satisfied or rather satisfied, when this indicator in case of doctors of the medico-prophylactic and pharmaceutical specialties was only 39.02±3.00 %. Regarding the level of theoretical knowledge, 85.51±1.49 % of surgeons, therapeutic, pediatric and dental specialists were very satisfied or satisfied with the theoretical part of qualification improvement courses and 57.20±3.05 % of doctors of the medico-prophylactic and pharmaceutical specialties were not satisfied or completely dissatisfied. 85.15±1.50 % of doctors of surgical, therapeutic, pediatric and dental specialties completely or partly used the ideas offered during the previous courses, when 31.82 ±2.87 % of the doctors of the medico-prophylactic and pharmaceutical specialties did not use anything in their practice. 72.42±1.56 % of doctors of all specialties consider that they have not yet reached their own career maximum. Almost half of doctors of all specialties wanted to receive more theoretical and practical knowledge during the courses, although 40.15±3.02 % of doctors of the medico-prophylactic and pharmaceutical specialties were interested in obtaining large volumes of information from their foreign counterparts, while only 4.29±0.86 % of doctors of surgical, therapeutic, pediatric and dental specialties were interested in gaining such information.Conclusion. The survey indicates the need to change and update the content of the qualification improvement courses work programs, as well as the creation of new ones, which is a prerequisite for the reorganization of the postgraduate medical education system. It is reasonable to create curricula and programs according to the specialties of doctors and basing on the previous survey results concerning queries and expectations.