Journal article // Eureka: Health Sciences






The Complications Of Differential Diagnostics Of Hodgkin Lymphoma
Iryna Kriachok, Katerina Ulianchenko

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Abstract

In the article are presented the questions of classification, pathogenesis and clinical diagnostics of Hodgkin Lymphoma with soft-tissue paravetebral component. The difficulties of early diagnostics, expressed at the expanse by oncological process localization, not typical for this disease, are shown on clinical case.The symptoms, conditioned by the compression of organs by tumor masses depend on pathological process localization: intrahepatic and extrahepatic obstruction of bile duct is manifested by jaundice; obstruction of lymphatic ducts in groin zone or in zone of small pelvic – by legs edema; at tracheobronchial compression is observed the pant and hoarse breathing; pulmonary abscesses or caverns can take place as a result of infiltration of pulmonary parenchyma that can stimulate lobar consolidation or bronchopneumonia; paraplegia can be observed because of epidural invasion with spine cord compression; compression of sympathetic cervical recurrent guttural nerve by increased lymph nodes can cause Horner's syndrome and laryngoparalysis; neuralgias can be the result of nerve-root incarceration.Differential diagnostics can take a long time that lowers the effectiveness of therapy and decreases chances for recovery because of special treatment delay. The setting of correct diagnosis and choice of adequate therapy raises the chances for recovery, even at spead stage of tumor process that is attained at Hodgkin lymphoma in most cases.

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