Journal article // Eureka: Health Sciences






Estimation of the Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma Products in the Integration of Polypropylene Mesh Implant in Biological Tissues. Experimental Model in Rats
Dmitro Atanasov

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Abstract

The aim of the research is to determine morphological changes in the area of implantation of the polypropylene mesh implant and to determine the effect on the integration of the prosthesis of locally introduced adipose tissue and platelet rich plasma.Materials and methods. The experiment was performed on 36 sexually mature males of the Wistar line rats. The experiment simulated, studied and quantified local morphological responses and changes in developing in biological tissues that are in contact with implanted highly porous lightweight (80 g/m2) mesh implant in isolation and also in conditions of local administration of fatty graft and platelet rich plasma.Results: Assuming introduction of adipose tissue and platelet rich plasma in the zone of integration of mesh alloprosthesis under the influence of introduced regenerative cytokines as well as stromal stem cells activated by them there is an earlier activation of regenerative processes, enhanced angiogenesis which determines the optimal nature of the integration of the prosthesis with the formation of thin collagen fibers in more early terms minimizing excess peri-prosthetic fibrosis. Isolated introduction into the implantation zone of fatty suspension determines similar changes that have a slightly less pronounced character. These changes are quantitatively studied and the results obtained are statistically significant.Conclusions: Applying a fatty graft together with platelet rich plasma in the area of implantation of the lung polypropylene prosthesis, there was an accelerated tissue reaction from the integration of the prosthesis.Mesenchymal stem cells of adipose tissue that is a target for plasma cytokines enriched with thrombocytes have a more pronounced effect in stimulating reparative processes provided that they are simultaneously administered with PRP compared with isolated administration without PRP. The use of platelet rich plasma and adipose tissue design has a significant positive effect on local angiogenesis. Under conditions of improved angiogenesis and other stimulating factors in the conditions of introduction of adipose tissue and PRP, the integration of the prosthesis occurs with significantly lower peri-prosthetic fibrosis.

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