Aim. To assess the levels of markers of the bone synthesis and system inflammation in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) in combination with obesity and their dynamic under the influence of basic treatment.Materials and methods. The research included 40 women with OA, 46–78 years old (mean age – 59,8±1,5 years). Duration of the disease varied from 3 to 36 years (mean duration – 10,0±1,1 years). Mean body mass index (BMI) among patients was 30,6±0,7 [22,3; 39,5]kg/m2, according to which patients were divided in 3 groups: patients with OA without obesity (n=17), patients with OA with 1 degree of obesity (n=14), patients with OA with 2 degree of obesity (n=9). The level of osteochondral metabolism was assessed using quantitative measuring of the levels of procollagen IC-terminal propeptide (РІСР), (Cloud-CloneCorp. “procollagen IC-Terminal Propeptide”, USA) and osteocalcin (Roche Diagnostics «N-MID Osteocalcin», Switzerland) on analyzer «ELECSYS 2010» by the method of immune-enzyme analysis; the level of the system inflammation was assessed by the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) by the method of immunoturbidimetry. The clinical efficacy was assessed by the dynamics of intensity levels of pain syndromes at physical load and at rest by the visual-analogue scale (VAS). The measuring of РІСР, osteocalcin and CRP levels and also the assessment of clinical efficacy as to the decrease of pain syndrome were carried out twice – at the beginning and at the end of observation. The period of observation is 2 months.Results. The presence of direct correlation between РІСР and BMI (r=0,62; р=0,008) among patients with OA in combination with the normal body weight was established at the research, whereas among patients with OA in combination with obesity the analogous correlation was demonstrated between SRP and BMI (r=0,43; р=0,04) on the background of correlation of PICP and OC levels (r=0,46; р=0,03).Obesity in patients with OA was associated with the reliably higher levels of pain at both rest and physical load from the side of knee joints, with maximal intensity of the pain syndrome among patients with OA and 1 degree of obesity.Statistical analysis did not reveal the reliable dependence of РІСР and OC in patients with OA from the initial CRP level on the background of tendency to the higher РІСР level and lower OC level among patients with initially increased CRP level comparing with ones with normal CRP level. The therapy with basic preparations at OA during 2 months among patients with OA with increased CRP level led to the reliable decrease of РІСР level (р=0,0076) and the tendency to increase of OC level (р˃0,05), without the reliably significant difference between the initial and final РІСР and OC levels among patients with OA and normal CRP level.At the end of observation period the maximal analgesic effect was demonstrated as to the articulate pain at rest from the side of knee joints (р˂0,001) among patients with OA, who received diacerein, with clinically comparable effect from the side of other aticulate zones (р˂0,05), that was associated with reliable decrease of CRP level (р=0,013).Discussion. The received results testify that the control of the system inflammation level at OA is a target not only relative to the decrease of pain syndrome but also conditions the stable state of subchondral bone (SCB), providing the compensation of processes of destruction and synthesis in bone tissue. The significance of procollagen IC-terminal propeptide (РІСР) and osteocalcin (OC) as the markers of bone synthesis that are able to reflect metabolic processes in SCB at OA, and also the discordant influence of CRP level on PICP level at the relative stability of OC level were demonstrated at the research.The received results allow consider the inflammatory process at OA as a target for preservance of the bone tissue, conditioning the expedience of taking into account the ability of OA basic preparations to realize the control influence on the level of system inflammation. Diacerein that in ESCEO recommendations (2014) is related to the preparations of the 1 step of treatment of patients with OA provides the control on inflammation and stability of osteocalcin level that testifies to the balance of catabolic processes in SCB.Conclusions. At OA the levels of procollagen IC-terminal propeptide (РІСР) and osteocalcin (OC) were not associated with obesity and did not depend on the initial CRP level at the presence of correlation between РІСР level and BMI among patients with OA with the normal body weight and BMI and CRP level among patients with OA in combination with obesity.The absence of reliable dynamics from РІСР side and maintenance of the stable OC level on the background of the reliable anti-inflammatory effect at using diacerein in patients with OA can testify to the compensatory adequacy of reparation processes in SCB.