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Correlations Between Physical Activity, Smoking Habit and Attitude in Elderly with Incidence of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis was one of degenerative disease that is common in the elderly. There was a several of risk factors of osteoporosis. Two of them were physical activity and smoking habits. Attitude was one part of a person's behavior that may affect the prevention of disease. This study aimed to analyze the affect of physical activity, smoking habits, and attitude of the elderly to incidence of osteoporosis. This study is an observational study with case control design. The number of samples in this study was 66 elderly who visited Osteoporosis Clinic Husada Utama Hospital in Surabaya. Respondent selection taken with systematic random sampling. The independent variables of this study were physical activity, smoking habit, and attitude, while the dependent variable was incidence of osteoporosis. Based on correlation analysis with logistic regression test showed there was a significant correlation (p<0,05) between physical activity, smoking habits, and attitude. Odds Ratio (OR) in this study for physical activity was 14,764 ,smoking habit was 9,646 and attitude was 5,623. The conclusion of this study, there was physical activity as a dominant affect after controlled smoking habits and attitude to incidence of osteoporosis. The suggestion is to do physical activity three times a week, consume healthy food and beverage, take an enough sleep,reduce stress factors and stop smoking also.
Journal article

Relationship of Respondent's Characteristic with the Risk of Diabetes Mellitus and Dislipidemia at Tanah Kalikedinding

Non-communicable diseases is one of the health problems of the world and Indonesia, which until now is still a concern in the world of health because of one cause of death. Several types of PTM encountered are dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus (DM). The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship of age, sex, and education with DM and dyslipidemia in Tanah Kecamatan kecamatan kecamatan This study is a cross sectional study. The population in this study is all residents who live in RT 05 RW 02 Kelurahan Tanah kali Kedinding Kenjeran District with a population of 125 KK consisting of 402 people. The sample was taken by simple random sampling with Slovin formula of 125 KK. The sample in this research is 50 people. The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship of age of respondents (p value = 0.005); Respondent's gender (p value = 0,000); Education last respondent (p value = 0,001) with risk of Diabetes Mellitus disease. And there is a significant relation between age of respondent (p value = 0,007); Gender (p value = 0,000); Education (p value = 0,000) with the risk of dyslipidemia. It is suggested to residents of Kalikedinding lands that implementing improved lifestyle by undergoing regular control of eating habits, exercise, and blood glucose and dyslipidemia checkups is necessary.
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Risk Analysis of Depression, Sleep Hygiene Level and Chronic Disease with Insomnia in Elderly

The rapid progress of development in Indonesia have an impact on increasing life expectancy thus increasing the number of elderly. Elderly is the final stage of life so often experienced various changes and disturbances, one of which is a sleep disorder or Insomnia. The prevalence of insomnia in the elderly is quite high, more than 60% but the appearance of this disorder is often overlooked. This study was conducted observational case-control study design. Research sites in the Pelayanan Sosial Lanjut Usia Jombang and performed on 40 elderly people. The study population was divided into 2, 20 people population cases and 20 people population control. The variables studied were depression, chronic disease, sleep hygiene and Insomnia. Most of the elderly suffering from Subtreshold Insomnia with Difficulty Initiating Sleep symptoms are severe. Early Morning Awakening is the least symptom experienced by the elderly. Depression (OR = 22,667), chronic disease (OR = 6.926) and sleep hygiene (OR = 11,000) showed a significant association with Insomnia. The conclusion that can be drawn is perpetuating factors (chronic disease) and precipitating (sleep hygiene) plays a role in the emergence of insomnia in the elderly. The advice given is to take action to control chronic diseases and more attention on sleep disorders experienced by the elderly. In addition, the need for action to improve and enhance sleep hygiene.
Journal article

Pattern of Clinical Medication Seeking for Import Malaria by Migrant Workers

Journal article

The Relationship Between Obesity and Smoking to Hypertension Incidence

Journal article

Analysis Determinants of Postpartum Maternal Mortality at Sidoarjo Regency in 2012

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