Introduction: Cervical cancer as the most common cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. The worse cervical cancer prevention program might lead to delayed treatment of cancer. Furthermore patient who suffered cervical cancer in women of childbearing age. Method: The study design was descriptive cross sectional approach correlation. The population were women of childbearing age who involved the region of Puskesmas Kenjeran Surabaya. The number of sample were 64 respondents who taken by using simple random sampling. The independent variables were factor of personal and self efficacy. The dependent variable was the primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer. The data was analyzed by using statistic tests Spearmans's rho to know correlation of independent variable with prevention measures of cervical cancer. Result: The result of relationship between the personal factors and cervical cancer prevention showed value p=0.025 (r=0.280). The relationship between self efficacy with prevention of cervical cancer in women of childbearing age showed value p=0.094 (r=0.211). Conclusion: Personal factors associated with prevention of cervical cancer in women of childbearing age. Self efficacy had no relationship with prevention of cervical cancer in women of childbearing age. The further study was recommended to develop health promotion model factors to increase the prevention of cervical cancer.