: The MUI Fatwa about Female Circumcision. The issue of female circumcision has become a public issue following research, either independent or sponsored, repeatedly finding there to be a number of negative effects arising from allowing the enforcement of female circumcision in a number of countries. The issue of children's and women's protection are also often connected to the issue of the implementation of circumcision, especially in relation to children's rights and women's reproductive rights. This study finds that provisions targeting female circumcision do so in an effort to protect women's rights. This article finds that the MUI fatwa, as well as ulamas' views on madzhab and fiqh, which regulates procedures pertaining to the implementation of female circumcision, serves to strengthen the protection of children's rights, that is, protection from negative effects which is caused by extreme actions in the dangerous practice of circumcision.