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description Journal article public Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

Dampak Sekolah Lapang Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu terhadap Adopsi Teknologi, Produktivitas dan Pendapatan USAhatani Padi

Herman Supriadi
Diterbitkan Juli 2013

Abstrak

Impact of Farmer Field School - Integrated Crop Management (FFS-ICM) to the Level Adoption, Productivity and Income of Farmers. Impact study of Farmer Field School - Integrated Crop Management (FFS-ICM) to the level adoption, productivity and income of farmers has been done during 2012 in three districts, namely Subang (West Java), Madiun (East Java), and East Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) in South Sumatra. This study aims to analyze level of PTT technology adoption, and the impact of SL-PTT to the productivity and income of farmers. The method of analysis used is a comparative analysis of two independent samples using T test statistics, partial budget analysis, and farm cost efficiency. The findings showed that SL-PTT activity resulted in increased rice productivity of 0.40 - 0.60 t/ha or (7.1 - 9.4)% for inbred rice and 0.4 - 1.1 t/ha or (8.0 - 15.7)% for hybrid rice. Based on statistical tests, seed inputs support system (BLBU) in the FFS-ICM activity was not statistically significant effect on increasing rice productivity inbred but significantly increased productivity of hybrid rice. Increasing farmers income by FFS-ICM ranges Rp (0.90 to 1.775) million/ha for inbred rice, and Rp2.04 million/ha for hybrid rice. Package of technology alternative has been widely adopted by farmers, but the basic technology package, especially fertilizer as plant needed, optimum population and pest control systems using IPM approach have not been fully implemented by farmers. Opportunity to increase rice production can be reached through development of VUB, hybrid rice, and direct seeded rice. Threat that must be anticipated is centralized policies and poor coordination of relevant agencies, and the limited extension. Indicatif program that needs to be done next are: a) Developing cooperative inputs / capital access assistance, b) Evaluating the feasibility of the technology, c) Increasing the number of trainers and quality education materials, and d).Functioning of local seed producer.

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