Pre-eklampsia Berat dan Kematian Ibu

Nova Muhani • Besral Besral
Journal article Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional • November 2015 Indonesia

Abstrak

Severe preeclampsia, one of main causes of maternal death in Indonesia and at Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Lampung Public Hospital, is the leading cause of maternal death (47.25%). This study aimed to determine relation of severe preeclampsia predictor as assessed from systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, proteiunuria, eclampsia and HELLP syndrome with maternal death at Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Public Hospital. This study used case control design with 60 cases and 120 control total of sample. Data was managed from hospital medical records during five years period (2010 – 2014). Results of study showed HELLP syndrome had risk of maternal death 12 times higher (95%CI 2.9 – 53.7) and eclampsia had the risk 12.1 times higher (95%CI 3.8 – 38.6). Then diastolic blood pressure 110 – 119 mmHg had the risk 7.4 times higher (95%CI 1.8 – 29.2), diastolic blood pressure ≥ 120 mmHg had the risk 5.5 times higher (95%CI 1.1 – 23.1), sistolic blood pressure > 190 mmHg had the risk 2.1 times higher (95%CI 0.5 – 7.4), sistolic blood pressure 170 – 190 mmHg had the risk 1.6 times higher (95%CI 0.5 – 4.5), proteinuria +3 had the risk 4.2 times higher (95%CI 0.3 – 27.4), proteinuria +4 had the risk 3.2 times higher (95%CI 0.5 – 31.7) after controlled by maternal age, gravida, pregnancy age, delivery method, diazepam provision, education, domicile and employment. Therefore, it needs to improve early detection of pregnancy complication and good management of preeclampsia case to prevent maternal death due to eclampsia and HELLP syndrome.

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Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional

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