Indonesia`s Palm oil industry is the greatest export commodity in the world. Palm oil industry has been developed since Soeharto`s administration with World Bank`s initiative. Indonesia`s development pattern is modernization which is fully supported by global capitalist agent. Furthermore, the government of Indonesia has issued policies to support this industry and the ease of accessibilty for investor to build in Indonesia. Most of the policies focus on economic interest with lack of attention to social and environmental issues. The paper applies qualitative method to analyze through literature studies and depth interview. As a result, the writer attempt to discuss the relationship of various concepts and theories regards to Resistency, Modernization and The Modern World-System theory. In fact, Indonesia as palm oil producer do not have bargaining power to determine the price due to global politic has structured to limit profit. Meanwhile, Central Kalimantan has the negative impact of environment and society that caused by palm oil industry. Tanjung Pusaka villagers refuse their region to be transform as palm plantation because they believe that their life is better now that being part of plantation. The purpose of this paper is to explain how villagers have capability of resistance for the sake of social life and environmental preservation.