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Women and Livelihood Resilience of Household: Analysis of Oil Palm Expansion Impact in Jambi

Fatimah Azzahra, Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Nurmala K. Pandjaitan
Diterbitkan 2017

Abstrak

Indonesia is the greatest producer of oil palm in the world. Despite providing economic benefits, oil palm plantations cause significant environmental and social impacts. Environmental impacts such as deforestation, loss of biodiversity, forest fires and drought. The social impact of oil palm expansion changes women works in livelihood resilience. The purpose of this study are to analyze the influence of oil palm plantations to the livelihood structure and working changes in women and men at smallholder household in Jambi. The method used is mix method using questionnaire and in-depth interviews. The results are the expansion of oil palm plantations cause structural changes such as the shift subsistence living from rubber plantations into oil palm plantation and on lower household changes women from domestic work into the public work as oil palm labours. This is done to increase income of the household in order to remain economically resilient when a crisis situation. However, the environment is very vulnerable, causing drought and exacerbated by forest fires

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