Agricultural extension is moving toward modern one which is accelerated by Law No. 16/2006 on Agricultural, Fishery, and Forestry Extension System based on the spirit of decentralization, democracy, and participation. This progress is disturbed by Law No. 23/2014 on Regional Government. To some extent, the Law No. 23/2014 threatens regional agricultural extension institution existence. This paper aims to review and to analyze the future of agricultural extension modernization in Indonesia. Results of the analysis found that agricultural extension should refer to the Law No. 16/2006. The government should maintain the well-arranged regional agricultural extension existence as it is in accordance with decentralization spirit described in the Law No. 23/2014. According to the Letter of Minister of Agriculture No. 02/SM.600/M/1/2015 on the Implementation of Agricultural Extension, in transition period waiting for the derived Law on Local Government, regional agricultural extension institution is implemented in accordance with Law No. 16/2006. Ministry of Agriculture may keep referring to Law No. 16/2016 because this act is lex specialis. Modernization spirit of Law No. 16/2006 will be reinforced along with the Law on Regional Government to be legislated.