Kredit Ketahanan Pangan dan Energi: Implementasi dan Persepsi oleh Petani Padi

Iman Widhiyanto • Nunung Nuryartono • Nfn Harianto • Hermanto Siregar
Journal article Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian • 2017

Abstrak

Agricultural sector is the government's priority through fiscal policies. One of the policies implemented is the interest rate subsidy for Food and Energy Security Credit Program (KKP-E). Some Banks had been appointed and in collaboration with the government to provide KKP-E. KKP-E program had lower interest rate than the market rate and it was expected that the farmers could access it. KKP-E was intended to meet the needs of agricultural equipment and farm inputs purchase. Since the program rolled out from 2008 to 2015, the implementation of KKP-E was below the credit limit. This study aimed to analyze the KKP-E implementation, farmers' perspectives of KKP-E, and change from KKP-E to KUR (People's Business Credit) for Agricultural Sector. Results of the study showed that KKP-E disbursement was relatively low. KKP-E distribution channels needed enhancement and the credit could not satisfy all farm business. Farmers did not receive KKP-E from the bank on time. Continuity of subsidized credit was important for farmers. Basic scheme of KKP-E program should be applied to KUR for Agricultural Sector. The government and the Banks need to be more actively in socializing the program, to improve financial education, to utilize more advanced technology, and to simplify bureaucracy.

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