Social Welfare Politics in Contemporary Indonesia: Understanding the Social Welfare System Vision in Act 11 of 2009

Wawan Mas’Udi • Hasrul Hanif
Working paper Power Conflict Democracy Publication • 2010 Indonesia


This study attempts to understand how the social welfare politics developed in the contemporary Indonesian politics work by focusing on the policy making process of Act 11 of 2009 on social welfare. The research focuses on trying to understand the vision, ideological thinking, and welfare scheme model envisioned by the formulators of the policy when designing social welfare system in Indonesia. By employing analyses on three important dimensions of policy which are context, substance, and process of policy this study finds that social welfare policy design in Indonesia is built in particular, not universal. Social welfare scheme is a response of the state to discipline social problems more than an expression of state responsibility towards the fulfillment of citizens' basic rights in the citizenship framework. Aside from that, tendencies of being output oriented and strong bureaucratization arise in its implementation design. There is no clarity of the ideological choice and distinction in the existing social welfare scheme. The matter is confirmed when the formulation process of Act 11 of 2009 shows that the different political parties with different ideological background, and different constituent basis did not have different perspectives and ideological contestations. Ideological debates were absent.


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