The community who live near—or in—the forest, are quite often to be cate- gorized as a poor, uneducated, lazy, naive, marginal, and traditional people. But, for some reason, they are also, currently, being called—mostly by activ- ist—as local people, who hold a wise local knowledge: more commit to conservation rather than exploitation, more concern to community rather than market, having social instrument to deal with the conflict, commit to social justice, etc. In some places, such as Wonomukti, the forest village in Central of Java, and Siberut, a small Island around Sumatera, those kinds of stuff are not really clarified, just not to say fail to find some evidences. In those places, people or local people have changed their orientation in term of how to deal with the forest resources surrounding them. They switch their economic orientation: from moral to rational, from subsistence to market, from land to timber, and from local to regional scope, due to get maximum benefit. These are kind of transformation which has become an important issue for the forest villagers since couple of years ago. Unfortunately, no much attentions being paid for.