Pengelolaan Dan Pemanfaatan Plasma Nutfah Padi Di Indonesia

Tiur Sudiaty Silitonga
Journal article Buletin Plasma Nutfah • Desember 2004 Indonesia


Self sufficiency in rice has always been a heavy task due to limited number of sustained high yielding varieties available. Therefore, effort must be put on the breeding for high yielding varieties adapted to different agroecosystems. Development of high yielding variety should use available genetic resources at ICABIOGRAD as well as at IRRI. So far, accessions collected at ICABIOGRAD gene bank were 3563 cultivated rice and 100 wild rice. To be better able to utilize those accessions, dynamic conservation consisting of in situ and on farm conservation are needed. Wild rice should be conserved at the National Park while the traditional varieties by the farmers as well as NGO’s. Wild germplasm should be used to develope high yielding variety by using molecular marker. Development of better database will certainly facilitate the base of available genetic resources for the purpose of better high yielding variety. So far, more than 160 varieties of rice suitable for lowland, upland and tidal swamp have been released.


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Buletin Plasma Nutfah

Buletin Plasma Nutfah diterbitkan oleh Komisi Nasional Sumber Daya Genetik (KNSDG), Badan Penelit... tampilkan semua