Risiko Penyakit Jantung pada Perokok Peserta Program Jamkesmas

Endang Indriasih • Ingan Tarigan
Journal article Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan • April 2009 Indonesia


Background: For years heart disease prevalence have increased. Results of Basic Health Research (known as riset Kesehatan Oasar-Riskesdas) 2007 showed that heart disease is the second major cause of death after stroke inmortality cases in Indonesia. As a matter of fact, other researches results indicate that smoking as a risk factor for heart disease and most of smoker are poor people. Indonesian government guarantees the poor to get free medical treatment through Jamkesmas program (social assistance program in health sector for the poor). In 2007 Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital (RSCM) noted that 60% of heart disease patients treated in this hospital is poor. The trends of cases and government budget to control heart disease are always increasing. Objective of this study was to know smoker prevalence, food consumption and activity for participants JAMKESMAS and also to know risk factor of heart disease for them Methods: Cross sectional was utilized as the study design The Riskesdas and Susenas 2007 data was used in this research. All research variables had been analyzed in univariat, bivariat (X2 test) and multivariat (logistic regression) by using a complex sample in SPSS v16. Results: The results shows that smokers Jamkesmas are most in aged 3-4 years do enough physical activities, and less eating fruits and vegetables, 1.8% of Jamkesmas smokers had diagnosed heart disease by health personnel. Based on statistical analysis, physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, smoking, gender and age is risk factor of heart disease.


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