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description Journal article public Agrimeta

Revitalization of Metaphysical Agriculture for Promoting Sustainable Farming and Community-based Tourism

Cening Kardi
Diterbitkan 2011

Abstrak

The embodiment of metaphysical agriculture in Bali is agricultural ritual and practicing agriculture based on local genius of Rwa Bhineda. It is carried out by subak (institution for water-control-system in Bali). In this case using organic inputs towards sustainable farming is very appropriately to the philosophy of Rwa Bhineda. The values of tradition-religion-aspiration-culture in subaks were weakened and rather meaningless as the impacts of: neglect to metaphysical agriculture; and capital based tourism development. Actually the good practices of metaphysical agriculture were able to enrich and to beautify objects of tourism in villages, likewise their income generating for the population. Subaks were rather not powerful and not authoritative in performing agricultural ritual effectively and meaningfuly, neither in signifying organic techniques in farming. Therefore, a study on revitalization of metaphysical agriculture should be conducted, with aims: (1) to determine the level of success of metaphysical agriculture; and (2) to analyze factors of subaks which affecting the success of metaphysical agriculture. A survey method through questionnaire was used to collect data from 42 subaks in 42 different desa adats (customary villages) which were selected using purposive sampling. The all questionnaires used Likert scale. Percentage the total score of a variable that achieved on a subak from its maximum score then indicated the level of the variable on that subak. Regression analysis was used to estimate the effect of factors of subaks to the success of metaphysical agriculture. Result of the research indicated that the level of success of metaphysical agriculture was medium. The factors Authority of subak to determine their own life; Effectiveness of awig-awig (subak’s customary rule); and Effectiveness of sangkepan (social-religious gathering) were strongly affected the success of methaphysical agriculture. The factor Social relation of subak to desa adat was quitely affected, but Intensity of discussion Weda script in subak was not so significantly affected the success of metaphysical agriculture.Based on the findings in this research, it could be suggested as follows. It needs an assistance process at subaks to revitalize metaphysical agriculture by counseling and demonstrating plots of organic farming with sophisticated technology. First before this program, disseminating explanation regarding: implementation of meaningful agricultural rituals and perfectly understanding to agricultural based on Rwa Bhineda. More adroitly to decipher sangkepan and awig-awig, and more aggressively to execute punishment to transgressors of awig-awig. It requires pilot project activity, namely by performing assistance for the formation of farmer cooperative at some subaks.

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Metrik

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