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Conference paper

Social Protection and Its Effectiveness in Tackling Child Labour: the Case of Internal Child Migrants in Indonesia

There is growing recognition amongst policymakers that social protection policies and programmes are uniquely placed to reduce child labour2 because they directly address its root causes: tackling simultaneously the poverty, exclusion and vulnerability that compel families to depend on the meagre incomes they can earn by sending their children to work. Social protection can also address the underlying social and economic causes that prevent children from attending school. Nevertheless, particular social protection schemes vary significantly in their ability to tackle child labour – depending on their specific features and the characteristics of the children they target (ILO, 2012).
Conference paper

Social Protection Floors in South East Asia: Closing Protection Gaps for Children and Families

Between 2011 and 2013 the International Labour Organization (ILO), in collaboration with governments and several United Nations (UN) agencies working as part of the Social Protection Floor Initiative, conducted Social Protection assessment based national dialogue (ABND) exercises in Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand and Viet Nam. The exercises were undertaken to take stock of existing social protection realities in order to understand what elements of national Social Protection Floors (SPFs) were in place, where ‘holes' in national floors exist, and to propose recommendations for the further design and implementation of social protection provisions that would guarantee at least the SPF to the entire population.

Analysis of the HIV-Sensitive Social Protection Schemes in Indonesia

Although nationally the HIV epidemic in Indonesia is still concentrated on vulnerable populations, the negative impacts of AIDS for infected people and their families have the potential to become catastrophic because the infected people are mostly economically productive and HIV and AIDS in Indonesia are disproportionally experienced by poor families. A variety of attempts to reduce mortality rates related to HIV and AIDS have been undertaken, however, the attempts to mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS on families have not received sufficient attention from AIDS program in Indonesia. Lack of concern regarding social protection of the PLHIV and their families in turn will impede the government's attempts to reduce poverty and provide universal access to health care. Social protection is basically all efforts that are directed to provide income or consumption to the poor group, to protect the vulnerable groups from various risks that affect their welfare, and to strengthen the social rights and status of the marginalized groups. The goal of social protection is to reduce social and economic vulnerability of the poor and marginalized groups. As a means of social protection endeavors, different kinds of social insurance and social assistance have been promoted in Indonesia. In particular, Public Health Insurance (Jamkesmas) has been developed as a national social insurance that aims to overcome economic impact of health care cost for poor communities in Indonesia. Additionally, a number of local governments at the provincial and district/municipality levels have developed local health insurance (Jamkesda/Jamkesos) as a form of local government's responsibility in health decentralization.