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Hubungan Pemberian Makanan Pendamping Asi Dini dengan Kejadian Diare pada Bayi Usia 0-6 Bulan di Posyandu Kelurahan' Ngaglik

Infants aged 0-6 months can grow optimally by relying on breast milk for the first 6 months of life. But in fact, before the age of 6 months, many babies have been given complementary feeding (MP-ASI). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between early complementary feeding and the incidence of diarrhea in infants aged 0-6 months at Integrated Healthcare Center Ngaglik, Batu City. This study uses a quantitative method with a cross sectional approach. The location and time of the study was at Integrated Healthcare Center Ngaglik, Batu City from January 2021 to March 2020. The independent variable (X) was early breastfeeding and the dependent variable (Y) was the incidence of diarrhea in infants aged 0-6 months. The total population is 32 mothers who have babies aged 0-6 months with a sample of 32 respondents. The sampling method used a total sampling technique, which is a sampling technique when all members of the population are used as samples. The data obtained were then analyzed using a descriptive statistical approach. By using a simple linear regression model method. The t value of the variable giving early complementary feeding (X) is 29.435 > ttable 2.039, which means that there is a significant relationship between the provision of early complementary feeding (X) and the incidence of diarrhea in infants aged 0-6 months (Y). The calculated F value is 866,415 > from the F value of 0.05 (4.17) meaning that there is a significant relationship between the variable of early breastfeeding (X) and the incidence of diarrhea in infants aged 0-6 months (Y). The R-square value of 0.967 means that the relationship between early complementary feeding and the incidence of diarrhea in infants aged 0-6 months is 96.7%, while the other 3.3% is influenced by other factors not studied.   Keywords : MP-ASI, Diarrhea.  
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Efektifitas Supportive Group Therapy (Sgt) Terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Ibu Primigravida Trimester III Di Puskesmas Kota Palembang

Primigravidas who are pregnant for the first time tend to experience anxiety during their pregnancy, especially in the third trimester. Worries in pregnant women if not handled properly will have an impact on the physical and psychological condition, both on the mother and the fetus. In the guidelines for the implementation of antenatal care (ANC) pregnancy examinations by the Ministry of Health in the third trimester, one of which is the presence of a talk session or counseling. The implementation is not yet optimal, so that additional counseling is required in groups and on an ongoing basis. One of them  is Supportive Group Therapy (SGT). The purpose of this therapy is to reduce the level of anxiety in primigravida TM III pregnant women. Data analysis used Quasy Experiment with nonequivalent control group design. The research sample was taken by purposive sampling. The sample size of 26 primigravida pregnant women on third trimester was divided into 2 groups, the intervention group and the control group. The results showed that the p-value on the intervention group was <0.005, namely the provision of standard pregnancy examinations plus SGT was effective in reducing anxiety levels primigravida pregnant women on third trimester. SGT is highly recommended to be carried out continuously and sustainably.
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Hubungan Umur Ibu dan Paritas dengan Kejadian Asfiksia Neonatorum pada Bayi Baru Lahir di RSUD Bangkinang Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi Riau

Situasi derajat kesehatan di suatu wilayah digambarkan dalam berbagai indikator derajat kesehatan. Indikator yang dinilai dan telah disepakati secara nasional sebagai derajat kesehatan suatu wilayah meliputi umur harapan hidup, angka kematian ibu (AKI), angka kematian bayi (AKB), angka kematian Balita dan status gizi Balita/bayi. Dalam mencapai indikator tersebut diperlukan peranan baik dari pemerintah maupun dari segi medis demi tercapainya indikator tersebut. Faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi AKB salah satu diantaranya yaitu asfiksia pada bayi baru lahir. Dampak terjadinya asfiksia dapat menyebabkan risiko kematian BBL, sehingga diperlukan penanganan yang cepat dan tepat dalam mengatasi permasalahan tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan umur ibu dan paritas dengan kejadian asfiksia neonatorum di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Bangkinang. Jenis penelitian observasional analitik dengan desain kasus kontrol dengan sampel kasus dan kontrol berjumlah 130 bayi. Metode analisis data yang digunakan meliputi analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat dengan menggunakan uji chi-square Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara umur ibu dan paritas dengan kejadian asfiksia neonatorum di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Bangkinang. Umur dengan nilai p= 0.005; OR= 2,92; 95% CI= 1,43-5,96,  paritas dengan nilai p= 003; OR= 3,12; 95% CI= 1,52-6,40, Untuk mencegah terjadinya kejadian asfiksia neonatorum diharapkan ibu hamil selalu memeriksakan kehamilannya (antenatal care) secara teratur dengan  memanfaatkan  Fasilitas  kesehatan  yang  tersedia  untuk mendeteksi adanya kelainan dalam kehamilannya.  
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