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Hukum, Hakim, Mahkum Fih dan Mahkum Alaih (Studi Pemahaman Dasar Ilmu Hukum Islam)

In the terms of the ushul scholars, law is defined as a khitabsyari 'which is related to the actions of mukallaf, whether they are thalab (demands), takhyiir (choice) or wadl'i (provisions). Meanwhile, law according to fiqh experts is a syar'i characteristic which is the influence of the khitab. Thus, the influence of Allah's khitab which implies the obligation to perform prayers from the verse "Aqiimu as-Sholaah" is a law. Essentially the judge is Allah Almighty. Simply, nothing else. The messengers of Allah only convey the message and the laws. They all did not create or enforce laws. Meanwhile the mujtahids were merely exposing the veils of the law. They are also not creators of Sharia law, even though by custom they are also sometimes called judges. What is meant by mahkumfih is the act of a mukallaf related to taklif / imposition. Taklif which comes from Allah is aimed at man in every one of his actions. Mahkumalaih is a mukallaf whose actions are related to the law of shari '.
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Covid-19 dalam Kajian Qawaid Fiqhiyah

This study tries to assess the level of danger of covid-19 in the study of qawaid fiqhiyah. So that the level of vigilance is found based on the study of fiqh. There are several fiqhiyah principles that serve as basic guidelines in fostering human behavior in dealing with COVID-19, there are also some changes in the basic provisions (hukum ashal) to new provisions, which changes according to the level of the virus. The fiqhiyah rules that are relevant to this study are; 1) التيسير تجلب المشقة (difficulty can bring Fast), which this rule describes the difficulties obtained from the process of spreading COVID-19 can abort obligations and change the basic provisions. 2) الضرورة تبيح المحظورات (the condition of the dharurat allows something that is forbidden), from the other side this rule also describes the same thing as the rule above, where dharurah is an excuse to fail an obligation and may do things that were originally prohibited.  3) ما أبيح للضرورة يقدر بقدرها (Something What is Allowed because dharurah is Measured According to the Level of ‘Endanger'), this rule describes the level of permissibility or legal relief that arises due to the spread of COVID-19 not absolutely, but it is adjusted to the level of the spread zone. 4), الضرر يزال (‘Endanger' must be eliminated), in the spread of COVID-19, this rule becomes the basic guide for the new obligations, namely eliminating harm caused by the spread of COVID-19 by following health protocols. 5) قد نزلت منز لة الضرورة عامة كانت أو خاصة الحاجة (hajah;pretention Occasionally Occupies Emergency Positions either General or Special), this rule describes the desire with special criteria parallel to dharurah independently, such as hajah means, isolation of dharurah as a washilah to keep other people from being exposed.
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Pemanfaatan Sampah Anorganik sebagai Media Pembelajaran di Mtsn Safinatussalamah Al-munawarah

This research was conducted with a team of lecturers from Malikussaleh University with the aim of realizing environmental-based learning through the use of waste as a learning medium that sharpens the creativity of teachers and students. This research was conducted at Madrasah Tsanawiyah Safinatussalamah Al-Munawarah. Dayah Safinatussalamah Al-Munawarah is located in Blang Panyang Village, Muara Satu District, Lhokseumawe City. The time of the research was carried out on August 9, 2021 and the place of research was at Madrasah Tsanawiyah Safinatussalamah Al-Munawarah. The population in this study were all MTsN students at the Safinatussalamah Al-Munawarah Islamic Boarding School and the sample was the 1st grade students of MTsN Safinatussalamah Al-Munawarah. The research uses a 'qualitative' approach. The research conducted is descriptive. The instruments in this study were observation sheets and documentation. Data analysis techniques used in this study: (1) Data Collection, (2) Data Reduction, (3) Data Verification, (4) Drawing Conclusions. The results of the study can be concluded that this activity teaches students to love the environment by utilizing inorganic waste and making inorganic waste as a product of learning media can also increase student creativity and learning outcomes, this is because students better understand the concept of learning by seeing and working through learning media.
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