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Konsep Nasionalisme Dalam Majalah Daulat Ra'jat, 1931-1934

This article aims to discuss nationalism concept in the Daulat Ra'jat magazine in 1931-1934. Nationalism became an important issue in national movement periode were disseminated through the press. This study is based on historical methods: heuristic, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. The published of Daulat Ra'jat magazine was affected by the conflict between two groups of PNI members after disbaded. The group named Golongan Merdeka which later envolved into PNI Baru publised Daulat Ra'jat as movement media and cadres education. Daulat Ra'jat became education magazine because it purposes to educating cadres and contains theoretical and conceptual writings. Nationalism became an interesting topic to be published because it vocalizes national conscious and was at the same time actualized in the PNI Baru Movement. This study showed that ethnicity still became an important issue and probleme in Indonesia national movement after Sumpah Pemuda in 1928. Nationalism in Daulat Ra'jat not fully oriented to the West, but it also based on the diverse people of Hindia Belanda, disseminated by education, different from the most movement groups at the time which tend to be aggressive. In this case, Daulat Ra'jat required a national with no sence of superiority in certain races, neutral towards religion, and ruled out a sense of provinsialism amid the enthnic diversity.
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Orang India di Perkebunan Tembakau Deli: Narasi Foto, 1872-1900

This article aims to look at the realities of Indian life in Deli tobacco plantations throughout 1872-1900. By using a research method that combines the historical study of East Sumatra plantation communities with the study of Indian coolies photos in the area taken from the Digital Collections Leiden University Libraries website, the reality of Indian coolies' life has never been written by Indonesian historians. The daily reality of Indians captured in photographs is the everyday side of working in Deli tobacco plantations. Differentiation of work, appearance, and settlement based on race is a picture of their lives while living on plantations. While working on plantations, Indian coolies earned an inadequate wage and had to bear the tremendous burden of life. Through photo narration, it can be understood how the reality of daily life of Indians in East Sumatra, which is currently a marginalized group in Indonesian history textbooks.