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Comparison of Prostaglandin Analogue and Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty Capability to Maintain Intraocular Pressure Fluctuation on Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Background: Glaucoma patients often come with intraocular pressure (IOP) that reach target pressure, but still have glaucoma progression due to IOP fluctuation. Water drinking test (WDT) can be used as a method to predict IOP fluctuation. Purpose: To compare prostaglandin analogue (PGA) and selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) capability to maintain IOP fluctuation on primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Method: This clinical experimental research was conducted at Dr. Kariadi Hospital. Subjects were POAG patients selected with consecutive sampling. Intraocular pressure was measured before and after WDT. After WDT, IOP was measured every 15 minutes until 1 hour. Peak IOP and IOP fluctuation data were collected then analyzed with t-test. Results: Forty two eyes from 30 POAG patients were analyzed. Twenty six eyes in PGA group and 16 eyes in SLT group. Most of the subjects were male with mild glaucoma degree. WDT increased IOP significantly on both groups. Mean IOP pre WDT was 14.58 ± 2.580 mmHg and 16.94 ± 2.645 mmHg in PGA and SLT groups. Mean peak IOP post WDT was 22.73 ± 4.114 mmHg and 25.75 ± 5.859 mmHg in PGA and SLT groups. Mean IOP fluctuation was 8.15 ± 4.202 mmHg and 8.81 ± 5.344 mmHg in PGA and SLT groups. Peak IOP and IOP fluctuation result analysis on both groups were not significantly different. Conclusion: Prostaglandin analogue and SLT had equal capability to maintain IOP fluctuation but still higher than normal fluctuation (>6 mmHg) that affects glaucoma progression.
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The Effects of Rusip on the Amount of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Gastrointestinal Tract

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Macrophage Activity Test of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (TB-DM)

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Anti-Inflammatory Potential of Takokak (Solanum Torvum) Ethanol Extract in Rats Exposed to 7,12-Dimethylbenz[A]Anthracene (Dmba)

Background: Takokak fruit (Solanum torvum) is a type of eggplant containing solasodin, solamargin, solasonin and other phytochemicals components with anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of takokak ethanol extract on TNF-α, IL6, and SOD levels.Methods: Experimental factorial study design, with the effect of takokak extract concentration factor (0, 400 and 800 mg/kgBW), takokak extract administration time factor including preventive (weeks 1-7) and curative (weeks 6-12) administration, and necropsy factor (necropsy in weeks 12 and 16). The data obtained included rats body weight, TNF-α, IL-6 and SOD levels.Results: The result showed that the interaction between takokak concentration and handling has significant effect on the increase of TNF-α levels (p=0.003) and the decrease of IL-6 levels (p=0.000). Interaction between takokak concentration, handling and necropsy has significant effect on the increase of SOD levels (p=0.010).Conclusion: Takokak ethanol extract has significant effect on the increase of TNF-α, and SOD levels, and the decrease of IL-6 levels.
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Profile of Hypospadias Cases in Central Java, Indonesia

Background: Hypospadia is believed to be a multifactorial disease. The risk factors that may induce the formation of hypospadias are environmental factors, endocrine disruptors, and genetic factors. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of hypospadias patients who visited the Center for Biomedical Research (CEBIOR), Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia.Methods: This study is an observational study, using patients' medical record in CEBIOR from 2010 to 2012. The hypospadias cases were classified into syndromic, isolated and severe hypospadias based on their phenotype. The history of pregnancy, birth characteristics, and family history of the patients were described.Results: There were 120 cases of hypospadias, consisted of 48.33% severe hypospadias, 41.67% mild isolated hypospadias and 10% syndromic hypospadias. There were 38.33% hypospadias cases whose mothers were being exposed to repellant USAge and 39.17% cases whose fathers were smoking. Forty (33.33%) probands' mothers were aged above 35 years old when they gave birth to their affected son.Conclusion: Majority of hypospadias cases were severe and mild isolated. Environtmental factors including maternal age more than 35 years old, use of repellant, and smoking fathers were found in this study.
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Comparison of Effects on Gene Expression Activity of Low-Molecular-Weight Lychee Fruit Polyphenol (Oligonol®), Adenosine, and Minoxidil in Human Dermal Papilla Cells

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Multidisciplinary Management of Disorders of Sex Development in Indonesia, a Prototype in Developing Country

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The Effect of Extra Virgin Olive Oil on LOX-1 and COX-2 in High Fat Diet Rats

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Comparison of Effects on Gene Expression Activity of Low-Molecular-Weight Lychee Fruit Polyphenol (Oligonol®), Adenosine, and Minoxidil in Human Dermal Papilla Cells

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Multidisciplinary Management of Disorders of Sex Development in Indonesia, a Prototype in Developing Country

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The Effect of Extra Virgin Olive Oil on LOX-1 and COX-2 in High Fat Diet Rats

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Expression of TTF-1 and CK-7 in the Diagnosis of Pleural Effusion Cytology Suspected Lung Adencarcinoma

Background : Lung cancer is the mayor disease that cause death worldwide including Indonesia especially Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) consisting of adenocarcinoma, squamus carcinoma (SqCCA) and large cell carcinoma. Incidency of lung adenocarcinoma continues to rise recently about 40% of all NSCLC.Methods : Descriptive observational study design. The study population included the patients who were hospitalized at Kariadi central hospital in Semarang and had thorax X-ray or CT scan of thorax with a diagnosis of suspected lung Malignancy, at the period of January 2012 – 2013. The variables assessed are expression of TTF-1 and CK-7.Result : A total of 20 samples subjected to Pearson correlation test with result of p value = < 0,001 and r = 0,867. Presentation of the highest expression TTF-1 in the all study sample is Adenocarcinoma 73,3% and highest expression CK-7 is also Adenocarcinoma 68,6%.Conclusion : Immunocytochemistry of TTF-1 and CK-7 can be used to determine Adenocarcinoma Malignancy on cytological sample of suspected Malignant pleural effusion
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Frequency of MTHFR GENE C677T Polymorphism for Non-Syndromic Autism Spectrum Disorder Patients

Background: The folate metabolism is a pathway that may involve in the non-syndromic Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme has a key role in folate metabolism. The C677T polymorphism of MTHFR gene could reduce the effectiveness of the enzyme.Objectives: To evaluate the frequency of MTHFR geneC677T polymorphism for non-syndromic ASD patients.Method: Thirty-four DNA samples were taken from each group. PCR mixture was consisted of 1µL DNA, 2.5µL PCR buffer, 0.5µL dNTP, 1.5µL MgCL2, 0.125µLTaqenzyme, 0.5µLofforwardandreverseprimerandaquabidesttoreach a volume of 25 µL. The PCR profiles were initiation 95ºC for 5 min, denaturation 94ºC for 1min, annealing 55ºCfor 45 seconds, and elongation 72ºC for30 seconds. The cycles were done in 35 times an dfinal elongation was at 72ºC for 5min. The PCR product was 198bp, and then digested by the Hinfl enzyme for 16hours at 37°C, and visualized using2%agarosegeland then electrophoresed for 30 minutes at 100 volts.Result: Non-syndromic ASD samples showed none had homozygote mutant type (677TT), 3 (8.8%) samples had heterozygote (677CT)and 31 (91.2%) samples had wild type (677CC). Meanwhile, normal control showed only 1 (2.9%)sample had homozygote mutant type(677TT), 9 (26.5%) samples had heterozygote (677CT)and 24 (70.6%) samples had wild type (677CC).Conclusion: The frequency of MTHFR geneC677T polymorphism in patients with non-syndromic ASD and controls are not significantly different.
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Effect of Nigella Sativa on IL-10 in MB Leprosy That Received MDT-WHO Therapy

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Polymorphisms of TLR4 Asp299Gly and TNF-α -308G/A in Leptospirosis

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JAK2 V617F Analysis in Indonesian Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Patients

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A Cohort Study of Intellectual Disability Focusing on Fragile X Syndrome in Indonesia

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