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Hubungan Intensitas Paparan Bising dan Masa Kerja dengan Gangguan Pendengaran pada Karyawan PT. X

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Hubungan Kadar Timbal dalam Darah dengan Tekanan Darah pada Tenaga Kerja di Karoseri Semarang

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Hubungan Intensitas Paparan Bising dan Masa Kerja dengan Gangguan Pendengaran pada Karyawan PT. X

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Hubungan Kadar Timbal dalam Darah dengan Tekanan Darah pada Tenaga Kerja di Karoseri Semarang

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Faktor – Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) dan Jenis Serotipe Virus Dengue di Kabupaten Semarang

Background: Dengue infection continues to present a seriuos public health problem.The cases of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Semarang District has increased significantly and cause death. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that affect the incedence of dengue and dengue virus serotype in Semarang Distric.Method : This is case control study using 54 cases and 54 control are people who live around the case with the caracteristics of age one the same with case and sex of the case.The analysis methods applied were univariate and bivariates with chi-squre and multivariate with logistic regression. Results : Risk factors incidence of dengue in Semarang District were humidity in the room (OR = 5.8; 95% CI = 1.322 to 14.170), the eksistence larvae in the water container (OR = 6.6; 95% CI = 2.386 - 18.277), the habit of using anti-mosquito / repellent (OR = 4.4; 95% CI = 1.076 to 8.875), the habit of hanging clothes (OR = 3.9; 95% CI = 1018 to 9.861). Serotype of dengue virus dominant Den-1.Conclusion : The factors that influence the incidence of DHF are the eksistence larvae the water container, the habit of using anti-mosquito / repellent, the habit of hanging clothes and humidity in the room. Serotype of dengue virus dominant is Den-1. Suggestion necessary environmental management by changing physical environment and the DHF program vector Aedes aegypti intervention.
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Peningkatan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Kepala Keluarga Tentang Pengelolaan Sampah melalui Pemberdayaan Keluarga di Kelurahan Tamansari Kota Bandung

Judul: Peningkatan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Kepala Keluarga tentang Pengelolaan Sampah Melalui Pemberdayaan Keluarga di Kelurahan Tamansari Kota BandungLatar belakang: Sungai Cikapundung merupakan tempat dimana masyarakat banyak membuang sampah ke dalamnya. Pemberdayaan keluarga merupakan alternatif model yang diharapkan merubah pengetahuan dan sikap menuju keluarga yang lebih baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengetahuan dan sikap keluarga sebelum dan sesudah pemberdayaan pengelolaan sampah.Materi dan Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen semu dengan rancangan “pre and post design.” Intervensi yang dilakukan adalam pemberdayaan model keluarga mencakup konseling, pelatihan, dan pendampingan. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh kepala keluarga atau wakilnya yang tinggal di sekitar aliran sungai Cikapundung di Rw 06 Kelurahan Tamansari Bandung Wetan. Pengambilan sampel diambil secara non random. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dan observasi. Analisis ststistik untuk uji beda digunakan indepnden T test pada taraf signifikasi 5%.Hasil: Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa sebanyak 82,6% responden berumur tidak produktif; 56,5% berpendidikan Sekolah Menengah Atas; 87% tidak bekerja; 56,5% berpenghasilan di bawah UMR; 100% muslim, telah tinggal lebih dari satu tahun, sebagian besar mempunyai 4 anggota keluarga. Fasilitas pendukung pengelolaan sampah yang ada di lingkungan mereka adalah tempat pembuangan sampah sementara (TPS, motor angkut sampah, dan ada lembaga bank sampah. Setelah intervensi pemberdayaan, pengetahuan dan sikap mereka sangat baik masing-masing 78,3% dan 82,6%. Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan ada perbedaan pengetahuan dan sikap secara signifikan antara sebelum dan sesudah intervensi pemberdayaan keluarga (p=0,001 dan p=0,005).Simpulan: Intervensi pemberdayaan mampu meningkatkan secara signifikan pengetahuan dan sikap keluarga dalam pengelolaan sampah.AbstactTitle: The Increasing of Knowledge and Attitudes of Family Head on Waste Management Through Family Empowerment in Tamansari Urban Village Bandung.Background : Cikapundung river was deteriorated due to the behavior of people who throw garbage directly into the river. Empowerment is an alternative family model that is expected to change knowledge and attitudes towards a better family. This research aimed to analyze the knowledge and attitudes of families before and after the empowerment of waste management.Methods : Type of this research was quasi-experimental design with one group pre and post test design, which is a study design before and after the intervention using a control group without. The form of intervention is the empowerment model families which include counseling, training, and mentoring. The population in this study were all heads of families or representing in citizens association (RW) 06 Sub Tamansari Sub-District Bandung Wetan located around the river flow of Cikapudung river, while the sample is part of the head of household who are respondents, the sampling technique is non-random (accidental). The data collected by interview and observation. Data collector in the form of questionnaires, observation sheets. Analysis of the data by univariate and bivariate dependent T test.Results : The research results showed 82.6% of respondents age groups unproductive, 56.5% high school educated, 87% did not work, 56.5% income below the minimum wage, 100% Muslim, length of stay more than one year, 78.3% of domicile as wives, the number of family members 47.8% more than 4 people. Supporting infrastructure and facilities available in RW 06 in waste management is their shelter temporary garbage (TPS), the motor of garbage (Triseda), and the presence of garbage bank. Knowledge and attitude of the respondent after the intervention, including the excellent category with a percentage of 78.3% for the knowledge and attitude of 82.6%. there are differences in knowledge and attitude of the respondent after the intervention with p = 0.001 for knowledge and p = 0.005 for the attitude.Conclusion : There are significant difference between knowledge and attitudes before and after intervention.
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Analisi Faktor Risiko Malaria di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sarmi Kota, Kabupaten Sarmi, Tahun 2012

Background : Several factors have potential to accommodate the spread and cause of malaria include environmental,physical, condition housing, and comunity behaviour. People in the working area of the Sarmi Municipal PublicHealth Service, Sarmi District, have high risk behavior of being exposed by malaria disease. In addition, physicalcondition of housings are still far below healthy standard. Slumps area and bushes around the environment understudy have contributed to poor health condition. The presence of cattle cages nearby the houses have been consideredto cause the vast growing malaria-bound mosquitos.Methode : This study aimed to find out the relationship between environmental conditions nearby the houses, physicalconditions, housing comunity behaviors and malaria incidence in the working area of Sarmi Municipal Public HealthService, Sarmi District, Sarmi Regency, Papua Province. This observational study applied a restropective study with acase control approach, in which case group – those who suffered from malaria – were compared with control group. Thecase group consisted of 57 respondents, whereas the control group consisted of 57 respondents. Data were subject tounivariate and bivariate analyses using a Chi-square technique. To calculate the risk factor, the study applied an oddratio and to find out the simultaneous relationship meaning (p) between independent variables and the dependentvariables the study applied a multivariate analysis. This analysis was then correlated with a logistic regression.Result : Results of the study showed the following outputs: 1) a relationship between water slumps and malaria (OR5.827); 2) a relationship between bushes and malaria (OR 3.232); 3) a relationship between window ventilation filtersand malaria (p value : 0.014; OR 2.773); and 4) a relationship between type of houses and malaria (OR 3.714).Conslusion : The study concluded that the presence of water slumps contributed to the growth of mosquito larvae.The malaria risk factors related to the installation of window ventilation filters, types of houses, and the presence ofbushes nearby the housings. These risk factors have affected the malaria incidence in the working area of SarmiMunicipal Public Health Center as much as 99.9%.
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