International law has made arrangements on piracy while for sea / armed robbery the authority of each country to regulate it. Known for the universal jurisdiction principle in combating this piracy, it has been affirmed in the 1982 Sea Law Convention (UNCLOS 1982) and Indonesia has ratified it with Law No.17 of 1985. But piracy and sea robbery are still unresolved issues. The high seas are all parts of the sea that are not included in the exclusive economic zone, territorial sea, inland waters of a country, or in the archipelagic waters of an archipelago country. The implications of this definition make the open sea an area open to every country and no country claims that the region is under its jurisdiction. A state may also impose or impose its domestic law outside its territorial territory, this is commonly applicable to an International crime in which the crime has been recognized as an International crime and each country shall combat such crimes. Finally, the state has the authority to try and give a judicial decision, this is to ensure the security and order of a country from unlawful acts committed by foreign nationals.
Keywords: Principles of Jurisdiction, Universal, Pirate, Indonesia
Hukum Internasional telah membuat pengaturan mengenai piracy sedangkan untuk sea/armed robbery merupakan kewenangan masing-masing negara untuk mengaturnya. Dikenal prinsip yurisdiksi universal dalam memberantas piracy ini, hal tersebut telah ditegaskan dalam Konvensi Hukum Laut 1982 (UNCLOS 1982) dan Indonesia telah meratifikasinya dengan Undang-Undang No.