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description Journal article public Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian UGM

Kinetika Reaksi Penurunan Kafein dan Asam Klorogenat Biji Kopi Robusta melalui Pengukusan Sistem Tertutup

Sapto Kuncoro, Lilik Sutiarso, Joko Nugroho Wahyu Karyadi, Rudiati Evi Masithoh
Diterbitkan 2018

Abstrak

This study was aimed to examine the correlation between temperature and duration of steaming on caffeine and chlorogenic acid reduction as well as to determine energy activation (Ea) according to Arrhenius equation. About 750 g of Robusta coffee was steamed by autoclaving at 100, 110, 120 °C for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 hours. The study was conducted in 3 replications. Analyses of caffeine and chlorogenic acid were performed using HPLC. Steaming coffee beans at 100, 110 and 120 °C resulted in the highest decrease of caffeine and chlorogenic acids content for 7 hours by 13%, 18% and 25% for caffeine; and by 37%, 50% and 59% for chlorogenic acids. At all temperatures investigated, decaffeination and chlorogenic acid reduction followed first order reaction. The decaffeination equation at 100 °C, 110 °C and 120 °C followed equation of y = -0.019x + 0.862, y = -0.023x + 0.820, and y = -0.033x + 0.759, respectively. Meanwhile, the chlorogenic acid reduction at 100 °C, 110 °C, and 120 °C followed equation of y = -0.071x + 1.421, y = -0.089x + 1.271, and y = -0.120x + 1.201. Activation energies of decaffeination and chlorogenic acid reduction were 33,543.66 kJ/mol K and 31,934.91 kJ/mol K, respectively.

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