One of the characteristics in the 15th century Renaissance that there was a dramatic visual expression in the works of art, especially painting. It’s usually visualized by the artists at that time with the use of the light-dark principle on the objects presented in the artwork. This light-dark principle is known as chiaroscuro, and in the history of its development this chiaroscuro principle was applied also in printmaking by several artists in Europe. The chiaroscuro character can be built with the composition of color values with different intensities through the process of printing a matrix on the print media. There are two methods that can be used to produce color printmaking work, multi-block and reduction method that have their own advantages and disadvantages in visualizing the chiaroscuro principle. In addition to paper materials, the application of woodcut printmaking is also carried out on textile materials known as block-printing. However, there are not many works on textile materials that use the chiaroscuro principle because in general the coloring character in the visual image or design used tends to be solid color. Based on the explanation, there is an opportunity to apply the visual chiaro-scuro character to the textile materials by using woodcut printmaking technique. The use of woodcut printmaking technique allows artist to produce a number of different color values by referring to the light layer falling on the object, so that the impression of volume and depth created in the artwork will be more visible. In this study, researcher conducted a literature study and observations to analyze chiaroscuro visual characters which were then tested in the experimental process of creating works to show the potential application of the chiaroscuro character by using woodcut printmaking on textile materials. The results of this study produce data on the analysis of technical aspects and visual characteristics of chiaroscuro by using woodcut printmaking technique on textiles. It can be used as material for the development of art making and learning process to be conveyed to the artists, textile designers and academic community.
Keywords chiaroscuro, visual character, color value, woodcut printmaking, textile