Of the many problems in cocoa business development in Sikka, generally the main problem is low productivity which tends to decline further. Following consultations with cocoa stakeholders
in Sikka, the roots of the problem of low cocoa productivity in Sikka can be grouped into two main
factors, namely: (1) Old cocoa trees; and(2) Pests and diseases. Problems associated with low cocoa productivity in Sikka can be described with a problem tree as the next page. Each of these factors has occured because of several inter related aspects, and there are those whose behavior may trigger the occurrence of problems.