Background: Most of the neonatal deaths that occur after 6-48 hours postpartum can be prevented
with appropriate newborn care and initiated immediately after delivery through adequate and
standardized first neonatal visit. In Indonesia, it is still not in accordance with the expected target. This
study aimed to analyze the factors that influence the first neonatal visit from various levels through a
multilevel analysis approach.
Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study with samples of individual level (level 1) was
1014 mother babies, village Level (level 2) as many as 95 village managers, public health center (level
3) was 51 manager of child health programs, and district level (level 4) was 13 managers of health
programs in eight provinces Indonesia. The dependent variable was first neonatal visits. The
independent variables were birth attendant and pregnancy counselling (level 1), number of village
midwives and community control in development (level 2), partnership and resources (level 3), and
policy strategy (level 4). Data analysis was performed through univariate, bivariate, multivariate
analysis with logistic regression and multilevel modeling using multilevel regression logistic random
intercept analysis run on Stata 14.0.
Results: At level 1, birth attendants increased first neonatal visits (OR = 3.21; 95% CI 95% = 1,984 to
5,182; p <0.001), pregnancy counselling (OR = 1,705; 95% CI 95% = 1,162 to 2,503; p = 0.007)
significantly. At level 2 modelling, the number of village midwives increased the risk of the first
neonatal visit (OR = 1,815; 95% CI = 0.950 to 3,467; p = 0.049), community control (OR = 2,659; 95%
CI = 1.396 to 5.066; p = 0.009) significantly. At level 3 modelling, partnerships and resources
significantly increased the first neonatal visit (OR = 2,131; 95% CI = 1,114 to 4,078; p = 0.012)
significantly. At level 4 modelling, birth attendants significantly increased the first neonatal visits (OR
= 3.056; 95% CI = 1.901 to 4,914; p = 0.029) significantly.
Conclusion: Birth attendants, pregnancy counselling, the number of village midwives, community
control, partnerships and resources, birth attendants increase the risk of first neonatal visit. Contextual
village areas, public health center, and district health offices have contextual effects on the first
Keywords: first neonatal visit, multilevel analysis
Triseu Setianingsih. Drg. Suherman Medical Institut. Jl. Industri Pasirgombong Jababeka Cikarang,
Bekasi, West Java. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Mobile: +6281299192199.