November 19, 2020  //  DOI: 10.26911/the7thicph-FP.01.06
Yustina Ni Putu Yusniawati, Putu Inge Ruth Suantika


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Background: In addition to unsuccessful policies to prepare communities for disaster
reduction, the high risk of earthquakes and their harmful consequences indicate that
more consideration should be given to social factors in this regard. All community
shelters are vulnerable to disasters, especially children, so efforts are needed to
determine disaster preparedness factors for elementary school students in Denpasar
City. This study aimed to analyzed of earthquake preparedness measures in students at
elementary school, Denpasar, Bali.
Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive study conducted at an elementary school
in Denpasar from January to September. A sample of 350 elementary school students in
Denpasar whose schools have a disaster preparedness school (SSB) program selected by
purposive sampling. The inclusion criteria were elementary school students grades 5 and
6 in Denpasar City, who can read fluently and are willing to be research respondents. The
exclusion criteria were respondents who refused to be research subjects. The data were
collected by 40 questions, where knowledge was 10 items, attitude was 10 items, facilities
and infrastructure were 10 items, and IEC was 10 items. The data was analyzed by
Results: The preparedness factors of elementary school students in facing earthquake
disasters were still low. There were five earthquake preparedness factors for elementary
students in Denpasar, namely (1) experience, (2) knowledge, (3) attitude, (4) facilities
and (5) infrastructure, and IEC. The dominant knowledge variable of elementary school
students is less than 233 (63.7%), the prevalent attitude variable is negative 244 (64%),
the prevalent facilities and infrastructure variable are less than 215 (61.4%), and 300
(85.7%) dominant information and education communication.
Conclusion: It is essential to be able to improve these preparedness factors with a
variety of continuous education and training for elementary students, and health workers
should work together with regional disaster management agency to establish disaster
prepared schools in Denpasar City.

Keywords: preparedness factors, students, and earthquake

Yustina Ni Putu Yusniawati. Institute of Technology and Health, Bali. Jl. Tukad Balian
no. 180 Renon Denpasar-Bali. Email: Mobile:

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