This article is about the tragedies of William Shakespeare, a representative of English literature, a great talent who amazed the whole world with his works, and their significance. William Shakespeare has a special place not only in English literature, but also in world literature. The role and function of tragedy is a key factor, especially in Shakespeare's work. The Stratford-born writer was not just a genius, but a product of his time. His birth and growth during the Renaissance had a profound effect on the content and essence of Shakespeare's works. «Romeo and Juliet», Shakespeare's most famous work of his time, and «Hamlet», his best work, were also tragedies. This means that Shakespeare's tragedies are of great importance not only in his work, but in all English literature. In this article, we will understand the essence of the time in which Shakespeare lived through his tragedies and the true meaning hidden behind the works of the writer, and the mystery of the time in which Shakespeare lived, the importance of tragedy in revealing this mystery.