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Penerapan Bahan Ajar Modul pada Mata Pelajaran Pembuatan Busana Industri dengan Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Instruction untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas XI Tata Busana di SMK Negeri 6 Surabaya

Problem based Instruction was approach learning that oriented students to problem to construct knowledge, to expand inquiry and thinking skills, to expand indenpedently, and confidence. This aims of this research were to know implementation of problem based Instruction steps, to increase students activity, students response, and students study result. This research was classroom action research. This instruments used were observation sheet, test, and response quissioner. Data analisis used were statistic analisis t-test one group design and descriptive quantitative analysis with percentage. Result of this research show that implementation of problem based instruction steps at cycle 1, 2, and 3 were 81,11%, 88%, 96,44%. Students activity at cycle 1 was 84,81%, at cycle 2 was 97,27%, and at cycle 3 was 98,77% and result of response students quissioner used teaching materials of module was 77,99%. Achievement of students study completed at cycle 1 was 66,75%, at cycle 2 was 77,53%, and at cycle 3 was 100%. So it could be concluded that implementation teaching materials of module on garment lesson with problem based instruction can be achievement of students study result on garment lesson in class XII Fashion Designer at SMK Negeri 6 Surabaya.
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Perbandingan Hasil Jadi Vest dengan Kerah Setali antara Jenis Ketebalan Lining Taffeta

  Abstrak   Vest adalah adalah busana tanpa lengan, panjang busana vest rata-rata sampai pinggang dan busana vest di pakai di atas blus. Vest memilki berbagai macam variasi desain. Bahan untuk pembuatan vest bermacam-macam sesuai kegunaan dan keinginan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan hasil jadi vest dengan kerah setali antara jenis ketebalan lining 0,21 mm (tebal), 0,17 mm (sedang), tipis (tipis). Penelitian ini termasuk jenis penelitian eksperimen, yang memiliki variabel bebas yakni penggunaan lining taffeta dengan jenis ketebalan 0,21 mm (tebal), 0,17 mm (sedang), 0,15 mm (tipis), variabel terikat yakni kriteria hasil jadi vest dengan kerah setali dengan menggunakan bahan taffeta yang ditinjau dari beberapa indikator penilaian yaitu bentuk kerah (bentuk kerah bagian depan, bentuk kerah bagian belakang), gelombang kerah, opening, tepi bawah vest, dan bentuk kerung lengan. Variabel kontrol yakni desain vest, menggunakan ukuran dressform M, pembuatan pola, arah serat memanjang, teknik jahit, alat jahit yang digunakan selama proses pembuatan, dan waktu menjahitdan orang yang menjahit vest. Metode pengumpulan data adalah metode observasi dengan daftar checklist kepada 30 orang observer. Untuk analisis data menggunakan anava tunggal dengan signifikansi 5% (p<0,05). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan hasil jadi vest ditinjau dari bentuk kerah (bentuk kerah bagian depan, bentuk kerah bagian belakang), gelombang kerah, opening, tepi bawah vest, dan bentuk kerung lengan, ketebalan lining taffeta 0,21mm termasuk katagori sangat baik, dengan rata-rata 3.50 diperoleh signifikansi p0,00<0,05. ketebalan lining taffeta 0,17mm termasuk katagori baik, dengan rata-rata 3.23 diperoleh signifikansi p0,00<0,05. ketebalan lining taffeta 0,15mm termasuk katagori baik, dengan rata-rata 3.09 diperoleh signifikansi p0,00<0,05. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada ketebalan lining taffeta terhadap hasil jadi vest dengan kerah setali.   Kata kunci:  Hasil jadi vest dengan kerah setali, Jenis ketebalan lining taffeta     Abstract   Vest is a sleeveless dress, long dress vest average up to the waist and wearing clothing vest over the blouse. Vest have the wide variety of designs. Materials for the manufacture of a variety of suit vest uses and desires. This study aims to determine the differences in the results so vest with a collar connected to each of the types of lining thickness of 0.21 mm (thickness), 0.17 mm (medium), thin (thinner). This research is an experimental research, which has the independent variable with the type of use taffeta lining thickness of 0.21 mm (thickness), 0.17 mm (medium), 0.15 mm (thin), the dependent variable outcome criteria so vest with connected to each other by using a collar taffeta material which is in terms of some form of assessment indicators, namely collar (a collar front, the shape of the back of the collar), the wave collar, opening, the bottom edge of the vest, and the concave shape of the arm. The control variables vest design, using size dress form M, pattern making, fiber longitudinal direction, sewing techniques, sewing tools that are used during the manufacturing process, and the time and people who sew vest. Data collection method is a method of observation with a checklist to 30 people observer. For the analysis of the data using a single with significance of 5% (p <0.05).The results of this study show the results in terms of shape so vest collar (a collar front, the shape of the back of the collar), the wave collar, opening, the bottom edge of the vest, and the concave shape of the arm, taffeta lining thickness of 0.21 mm including the category very well, with average 3.50 average gained significance p0, 00 <0.05. Taffeta lining thickness of 0.17 mm including both categories, with an average of 3.23 acquired significance p0, 00 <0.05. Taffeta lining thickness of 0.15 mm including both categories, with an average of 3.09 acquired significance p0, 00 <0.05. This suggests that there are significant differences in the thickness of the lining taffeta vest with collar result so connected to each other.                            Keywords: Clothing vest, collar quarter, taffeta lining thickness  
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Uji Coba Penerapan Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Jigsaw pada Kompetensi Mengoperasikan Mesin Jahit Manual dan Industri di Kelas X Busana Butik 1 SMKN 1 Baureno, Bojonegoro

  Abstrak   Kompetensi mengoperasikan mesin jahit manual dan industri merupakan salah satu materi pelajaran dasar teknologi menjahit. Tujuan Penelitian ingin mengetahui pengaruh diterapkannya model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw terhadap aktivitas belajar dan hasil belajar siswa pada kompetensi mengoperasikan mesin jahit manual dan industri. Populasi dan sampel penelitian berjumlah 20 siswa. Metode penelitian adalah mix method. Desain pene-litian adalah One Group Pretest - Posttest. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan teknik observasi, dan tes (tes tulis dan tes kinerja). Dianalisis secara deskriptif dan statistik uji chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas siswa pada penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw terlaksana dengan sangat baik. Hasil penilaian sikap siswa menunjukkan bahwa siswa sudah menerapkan sikap bertanggung jawab bekerja sama, saling menghargai, disiplin, jujur dan percaya diri dengan baik dalam proses pembelajaran. Nilai chi kuadrat adalah 0.185 ≥ 0.05. Maka Ha diterima dan Ho ditolak, terdapat peningkatan hasil belajar siswa sebelum dan sesudah diterapkan pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw. Setelah menggunakan penerapan pembelajaran kooperatif Jigsaw, hasil belajar kompetensi mesin jahit manual dan industri hasilnya meningkat. Temuan penelitian adalah penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe jigsaw pada kompetensi mengoperasikan mesin jahit manual dan industri dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar, sikap siswa dan hasil belajar siswa pada ranah kognitif dan psikomotorik.   Kata kunci:  Model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe jigsaw, hasil belajar siswa, kompetensi mengoperasikan mesin jahit manual dan industri   Abstract   Competency of operate manual and industry sewing machine is one of subject matter of basic sewing technology. Research purpose is determine the effect applied cooperative learning type jigsaw to learning activity and learning outcomes student on competency of operate manual and industry sewing machine. Population and sample of research is 20 students. Research method is mix method. Research design is One Group Pretest - Posttest. Collected data use observation technique and test (write test and performance test). Analyzed descriptively and statistic chi square test. The research result thant student activity on cooperative learning type jigsaw performing well. The research result that student had applied attitude of responsibility, respect, discipline, honest and confidence of learning process is well. Value of chi square is 0.185 ≥ 0.05. Then Ha is eccepted and Ho is rejected, there was increas of learning result before and after applied cooperative learning type jigsaw. After applied cooperative type jigsaw, the learning result of competency of operate manual and industry sewing machine is increase. The research findings is applied cooperative learning type jigsaw on competency of operate manual and industry sewing machine can increase learning activity, student attitude, and the learning outcomes of student on aspect cognitif and psicomotor.     Keywords:  Cooperative learning type jigsaw, the learning outcomes of students, competency of operate manual and industry sewing machine  
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