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Patron-klien Pekerja Pabrik Rokok Wismilak Bojonegoro

The interaction between workers and foremen in the Wismilak cigarettes factory Bojonegoro is not only occurring in the work environment. Shown by the phenomenon of “silahturahmi”. This study will provide an overview of the patron-client relationship on workers and foremen. The theory used in this research is the patron-client of James C. Scott. The method used was qualitative with the approach of the phenomenology of Alfred Schutz. Research locations in district of Bojonegoro regency Baureno. The results of this research exposes the protection provided in the form of reward to labour foreman/servants to be more spirit in their work. While labour also give their loyalty through the aid effort and concern.
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Fenomenologi Ritual Malam Jumat Legi Warga Nahdlatul Ulama Desa Kemlagi, Kecamatan Kemlagi, Kabupaten Mojokerto

The existence of Java culture in Kemlagi, Mojokerto is still kept away. Malam Jum’at legi is one of tradition or ritual that still exist. Interestingly, this tradition becomes one of worship rituals of NU’s community believe. In this study, the researcher tried to find out how does NU’s community interpret about Malam Jum’at legi  as a tradition that changed become one of worship rituals. In addition, the researcher also tried to discover how does the way of this ritual implemented included the configuration of this ritual, the essential value of this worship ritual and the process of social interaction, which aim of this ritual will be directed. This ritual probably leads to associative or dissociative for human society. This study used culture acculturation theorists to know how does Malam Jum’at legi  ritual is finally changing and marge become Islamic Java culture. So, this study uses symbolic interaction theorists George Herbert Mead and Herbert Blummer. This theory is about the concept of “Self” is“I”, “Me”which shows the interaction symbols that have been implemented by the NU Kemlagi community in doing the worship activities. In addition, to give stronger evidence the meaning of this analysis, it also used Alfred Schutz’s phenomenology as an approach to know the meaning of NU’s Kemlagi in doing Malam Jum’at legi  through the motive and the subject in doing this ritual. The method that can be used for this study is a qualitative descriptive method of describing the social phenomena which are NU’s Kemlagi community activity in Malam Jum’at legi . To know the meaning of Malam Jum’at legi  ritual which is NU’s Kemlagi activity can be used phenomenology approach. The result of this study explains that Malam Jum’at legi  ritual have its own meaning for every NU’s community, straight faction and strange faction. This meaning can be based on the purposes and the objectives of them in doing malam Jum’at legi ritual such as wasilah, tahlilan, yasinan ziarah kubur, sholawatan, khatmil Qur’an, sema’an Qur’an dan shodaqohan. Based on NU straight faction, they can be called as the pure NU faction. They behave to be an associative, they agreed and very supportive in implementing this ritual because they assume that Malam Jum’at legi  is sacred night, mystics, hieratic, a moment to find blessings and to send the rewards for their dead family. Based on NU strange faction, they almost dissociative, ignorant and do not care, without following the ritual or the tradition. Therefore, they assume that Malam Jum’at legi  just a night, no meaning of that night. A night that has no idiosyncrasy and no blessing. Keywords              : Malam Jumat Legi, Ritual, Nahdlatul Ulama, 
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Budaya Kemiskinan Masyarakat Pemulung

Poverty  in  Indonesia  wasn’t  only  happened  because  of  weakness  of  people  for  accessing  owned chances only. Outsides that, the poverty of people grow because of unblosoming cultural work ethos in the people it self.It can be seen in preparation which is owned by migrant before migrating to the city. Sometime  this  preparation  becomes  2nd,  even  never  being  brathered  by  migrant.  Although  capital, education  degree,  skill,  compability,  mental  and  culture  readiness  are  important  factor  as  basic  at migrating to big city such as Surabaya. The habbit of ignoring preparation of urbanization has made the  migrans  coming  at  informal  sector.  This  research  is  qualitative  with  fenomenology  approach  of Alfred  Schutz  about  subjective  action  from  the  actor  which  emerge  from  consideration  procces  for condition social. Culture theory of poverty by Oscar Lewis and jembel village of Charles Adam which is used for identifying poverty culture form of scavangers in Kebonsari, Surabaya. This research used two types triangulation as analytical technis, such as information triangulation and theory triangulation. The result is formed as culture which passed down from generation to generation in slums. That culture is  consisted  such  as  depending  on  wholeseller/collector,  short  of  childhood,  low  participation  and integration in social system, and slum region which is creating bilateralism correlation.
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