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description Journal article public Indonesian Journal of Applied Chemistry

Synthesis and Properties of Ethoxylated Glycerol Monooleate as Palm Oil Based Nonionic Surfactants

Indri Badria Adilina, Egi Agustian, Yenny Meliana, Anny Sulaswati
Published 2015

Abstract

Palm oil based nonionic surfactants were synthesized by reacting glycerol monooleate with ethylene oxide at 80 ºC in the prescence of an alkaline catalyst. Purification of the products was conducted by use of acetic acid and black carbon which gave ethoxylated products (EGMO) with a higher level of viscocity and greater solubility in water. Physical and chemical properties of the product such as surface activity, cloud point, acid value, ester value, hydroxyl value, and hydrophilic-lipophilic balance was also determined and results varied depending on the reagent molar ratio. The synthesized EGMO were soluble in water and therefore show potential use as surface active agents in personal care and cosmetic products.

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  • visibility 219 views
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