Model Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Miskin Berbasis Industri Kecil/kerajinan (Ikk)

Sudarti Sudarti
Journal article Jurnal Humanity • September 2011

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 9 pages)

Abstract

MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT MISKINBERBASIS INDUSTRI KECIL/KERAJINAN (IKK)SudartiStaf Pengajar Jurusan Studi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Muhammadiyah MalangAlamat Korespondensi : Pondok Bestari Indah E1/137 Dau MalangTelpon : 0341-466634, Hp :081333166206, Email: sudarti@umm.ac.idABSTRACTPoverty is often understood as a symptom of low levels of welfare only when poverty is aphenomenon that is complex and multidimensional. The low level of life that is often used as measureof poverty is one of the chain from the emergence of the cycle of poverty. Poverty is a complicatedand multidimensional problem that is inseparable from development and economic mechanisms,social and political force. The aims of this study is 1). Identify socio-economic characteristics ofpoor families in Gending-Probolinggo Regency, 2). To find out what policies are applied in tacklingpoverty, 3). The establishment of the draft and the empowerment of the poor re. determination ofmodel-based Small Industry/Handicrafts (Industri Kecil/Kerajinan/IKK).The research was conducted in Gending-Probolinggo Regency by taking samples of the twovillages, Bulang and Sumberkerang. The research was conducted in Gending-Probolinggo Regencyby taking samples of the two villages, Bulang and Sumberkerang. Samples were taken by 79 familiesof 789 families, with details taken 43 respondents from Bulang and 36 respondents from Sumberkerangdrawn using an area sampling technique and simple random sampling. Data analysis techniquesused are qualitative and quantitative descriptive.From the results of the study concluded that most respondents that the cause is poor becauseof education, low income, most of the respondents are daily livelihood as a farm laborer. Povertyreduction in sub-district perspective: providing the skills, conduct infrastructure improvements inthe village, providing agricultural assistance, provide capital for SMEs, and home repaire. While therespondent's perspective: providing assistance in the form of building materials, capital assistanceto businesses, educational scholarships/means of an inexpensive education for the poor, with manyjobs. Model of empowerment of the poor by developing small industry/handicrafts as an effort toalleviate poverty with an approach that integrates both the aspects of the approach, institutionsinvolved, as well as the methods applied.Keywords: Empowerment of the Poor, Small Industry/Handicrafts

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Jurnal Humanity

Jurnal Humanity is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research and literature review... see more