Islamic Law on Gender Based Sexual Violence

Nur, Iffatin
Journal article Ahkam Journal of Sharia • January 2013

Abstract

: Islamic Law on Gender Based Sexual Violence. In the view of islamic law, gender based sexual violence is known by the term “al-intihā' ‘ala ḥurmah al-nisā' or al-waṭ' bi al-ikrāh”. In the area of Islamic criminal law, there are three types of punishment toward crimes. They are: qiṣāṣ, ḥudūd, and ta‘zīr. Qiṣāṣ is a short punishment equal to the crimes committed including murder, wounding or intentional attacks. Ḥudūd refers to punishment toward some spesific crimes that have been explained by god through revelation. Kind of crimes and their corresponding form of punishment were disceibed in the holy Quran and the prophet Muhammad's traditions. Including in this kategory is adultery, accusing some one to commit addultery, stealing, ḥirābah, and organising rebellious actions againts an islamically legal and good government. Whereas ta‘zīr is a type of punishment toward other crimes where its forms are left to consideration and decision of Muslim judges. Gender based sexual violence in this article can take three forms of crim which is a forced adultery, an assault in qiṣāṣ, and a forced prostitution.

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Ahkam Journal of Sharia

Ahkam: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah (Ahkam Journal of Sharia) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes or... see more