Konsep Nasab, Istilhâq, dan Hak Perdata Anak Luar Nikah

Muhammad Taufiki
Journal article Ahkam Journal of Sharia • July 2012

Abstract

: The Concept of Family, istilhâq, and civil rights of children born out of wedlock. One of the basic rights that all newborns have is the right to family. This means that the moment a child is born it immediately gets the right to belong to his parents' family, in addition to other rights that relate to being related to that family. However, not all children are born with as good a lot as that. If that is the case, Islam has several ways for that child to get to have family. A family can be sought through iqrâr (declaration), evidence, and istilhâq. Once that family has been linked, civil rights, which he gets from having that father, automatically apply to that child. Children born out of wedlock can be linked to a family with people who are willing to be compassionate towards the child's mother, when that birth doesn't happen as a result of adultery. In that case, it is permissible if the nature of the birth is either uncertain or didn't happen through adultery. A child born to a married couple considered unlawful can be linked to another family and with them get his or her civil rights as needed from the father of that family.

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Ahkam Journal of Sharia

Ahkam: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah (Ahkam Journal of Sharia) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes or... see more