: Resistance and Intitation in the Implementation of the Syariah Economy in Indonesia Today, Syariah economics is experiencing significant development in Indonesia, signified by a positive reception to it in society. The implementation of Syariah economics in Indonesia has taken place over a long period of time, paralleling the arrival of Islam to Indonesia. Two-thirds of the way through the 20th century, discourse on Syariah economics began to grow, and since the 1990s Syariah economics has begun to be put into practice. But the implementation of Syariah economics has been faced with several challenges, shaped by political, sociological and economic conditions. This article outlines five initiatives that can be taken in order to implement Syariah economics in Indonesian society more systematically. First, the notion that a Syariah economy can be categorized as a legitimate economic system needs to be strengthened. Second, the scientific aspect of Syariah economics needs to be strengthened. Third, the socialization of the Syariah economy needs to be accelerated. Fourth, the Syariah economy needs to encompass the economic behavior of all people. Fifth, political reforms need to be carried out by elected politicians committed to developing Syariah economics in Indonesia.