Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia Andrews) plants can grow in dryclimates such in Alor Regency from altitude of 0-1500 m above sea level.However, their growth and production may vary depending on thedifference in agroclimatic condition. The objective of the research was toanalyze the growth of vegetative, generative, and yield components ofAlor's vanilla in dry climates. This research was conducted in the dryclimates, Alor Regency, East Nusa Tenggara, at those locations 25-825 mabove sea level (asl) altitude, in Inceptisol type of soil and F type ofclimate (Scmidht and Ferguson), from January until December 2009. Thestudy was undertaken based on observation method on the vanillapopulation grown in three different agroclimatic condition, with altitudes:(1) 25 m asl; (2) 425 m asl, and (3) 825 m asl. Variables measured includethe growth of vegetative, generative, and yield components characters. Theresearch showed that at 825 m asl vanilla produces better for generativeand yield components, and vice versa for vegetative growth. Microclimateconditions, soil nutrition, light intensity, and temperature, may be thecause of these differences.