Pengaruh Penerapan Modifikasi Perilaku Sehat Terhadap Faktor Resiko Dm Tipe II

Ernawaty Siagian
Journal article Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan • June 2016 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 11 pages)

Abstract

Introduction: Enough studies indicate the affect of healthy life behaviors on type 2 diabetes mellitus risk factors. Objective: the primary aim of the study is to determine the effect of health related behavior modification package on type 2 diabetes mellitus risk factors of at-risk adults irrespective of gender (men and women subjects) ages 40-65 years old residing in Bandar Lampung, Indonesian. Method: this study uses a quasi experimental research design that uses pre and post test with 15 adults for control group and 15 adults for experimental group. It is only limited to determine the effect of (10) ten day health related behavior modification package consisting of healthy diet, and exercise with follow-up fasting blood glucose, and total cholesterol. The experimental and control group have shown a high level of fasting blood glucose level before the 10 (ten) days intervention of healthy diet and exercise. Result: both experimental and control group have shown a borderline high level of total cholesterol before the 10 (ten) day intervention of healthy diet and exercise. However, the control group has shown no changes at all after 10 (ten) days compared to the experimental group which is labeled as normal. There is a significant difference in the fasting blood glucose and total cholesterol level of the subjects before and after the implementation of healthy diet and exercise among the experimental group in which a decrease is markedly noted. Discussion: there is a significant decrease in the fasting blood glucose and total cholesterol level of the subjects in the experimental group after the implementation of healthy diet and exercise. Age as an intervening variable shows no significant difference in the subjects' fasting blood glucose level. However, in the subjects' total cholesterol level, for control group it is comparable whereas for experimental group it shows that as the age of the subject increases, their total cholesterol level decreases. Gender shows no significant difference in the subjects' fasting blood glucose and total cholesterol level. It is concluded that there is a markedly significant decrease in the fasting blood glucose and total cholesterol level of the subjects after the 10 (ten) days implementation of healthy diet and exercise, among the experimental group, while no change at all for the control group. The subject' age and gender makes no significant difference in their fasting blood glucose level but their total cholesterol decreases as their age increases.

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Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan

Jurnal Skolastik Keperawatan is a national nursing scientific journal in electronic and print for... see more