. Agricultural drought is the most complex natural hazard and affects large areas then causes significant drops in food production. In Indonesia, paddy field drought occurs almost every year and extends during El Niño phenomena with severe consequences for agricultural production in Indonesia. However, up to now, a comprehensive, integrated drought monitoring, early warning and delivery system did not exist. Drought monitoring has already conducted dan reported by the relevant agencies namely BMKG and LAPAN, while agricultural drought monitoring is conducted by Ministry of Agriculture . For developing agricultural drought early warning systems, beside of monitoring components of prediction impact model on agriculture are also impartant. Currently, operational prediction of agricultural drought in Indonesia is not yet available. Balitbangtan is developing agricultural drought prediction for rice, but is not yet operational. If an effective early warning system for monitoring and predicting agricultural drought can be conducted and developed, decline in food crop production can be minimized. Information from issue presented in this article will help policy maker and planner to develop or improve drought monitoring and early warning system to tackle drought impact more effectively.