Zeolite Utilization as a Catalyst and Nutrient Adsorbent of an Organic Fertilizer Process From Palm Oil Mill Effluent as Raw Material

Ida Nursanti • Dedik Budianta • Adipati Napoleon • Yakup Parto
Journal article Journal of Tropical Soils • September 2013 Indonesia

Abstract

Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) cannot be directly used as an organic fertilizer source due to its high Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) thus it is not  environmentally safely. To increase the high quality of organic fertilizer obtained, the liquid wastes are needed to be processed in order to decrease the BOD to degrade both the soluble and suspension materials of organic materials. The altenative process to be conducted to make a better quality of POME is by adding the adsorbent. The aim of the research was to study the effect of zeolite utilization and duration of hydrolysis process in order to increase the nutrients content and to decrease the BOD of POME. The research was conducted at  the PT Sumbertama Nusa Pertiwi Jambi, Indonesia in August 2012 until February 2013. The sample of POME was taken from the inlet of the factory’s  acidulating pool. There were several doses of zeolite  as treatments which were 0, 5, 10, 15% and several durations of hydrolysis process which were 1,2,3 and 4 weeks. Active zeolite was added to POME and then it was fermented with different hydrolysis duration times as mentioned above. The research showed that application of  zeolite  and  duration of hydrolysis process significantly affected the pH, N,  P, K, Al, Fe, BOD of  POME and the adsorption of  N, P, K, Al, Fe by zeolite. It can be concluded that 10% of zeolite incubated  in  two weeks duration of hydrolysis process produced higher nutrient of N, P, K  with BOD, Al, Fe and pH matched  with the waste quality standard. The highest efficiency of  N, P and K adsorbent was show by the 15% of zeolite  which was incubated for two weeks of hydrolysis process.Keyword: Hydrolysis process duration, nutrient content, palm oil mill effluent, zeolite. [How to Cite: Nursanti I, D Budianta, A Napoleon and Y Parto. 2013. Zeolite Utilization as a Catalyst and Nutrient Adsorbent of an Organic Fertilizer Process From Palm Oil Mill Effluent as Raw Material. J Trop Soils 18 (3): 177-184. Doi: 10.5400/jts.2013.18.3.177][Permalink/DOI: www.dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2013.18.3.177] REFERENCESAno AO and CI Ubochi. 2007. Neutralization of soil acidity by animal manures: mechanism of reaction. Afr J Biotechnol 6: 364-368.Budianta D. 2005. Potensi limbah cair pabrik kelapa sawit sebagai sumber hara untuk tanaman perkebunan. Dinamika Pert 20: 273-282 (in Indonesian).Djajadi B Helianto and N Hidayah. 2010. Pengaruh media tanam dan frekuensi pemberian air terhadap sifat fisik, kimia dan biologi tanah serta pertumbuhan jarak pagar. J Littri 16: 64-69 (in Indonesian).Dhayat NR. 2011. 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Journal of Tropical Soils

Jurnal Tanah Tropika (Journal of Tropical Soils) publishes original research and literature revie... see more