Lateks Karet Alam Untuk Sol Sepatu: Metode Pembuatan, Sifat Mekanik Dan Morfologi

Indiah Ratna Dewi • Herminiwati Herminiwati
Journal article Journal of Leather, Rubber, and Plastics • 2014

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 10 pages)

Abstract

The objective of this research were to determine the manufacturing method, to obtain the best formula and to study the morphologycal properties of natural rubber latex shoe sole. This method was conducted in three steps of process; thermoforming, micropore treatment in water, and vulcanization. The testing method and quality requirement parameters using SNI 0778:2009. These latex shoe sole was made using 5 phr Nano Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (NPCC) filler, with varying addition of CaCO3 filler in 0, 5, 10,15, and 20 phr combination. The best formula was achieved from the combination of NPCC/CaCO3 filler about 5/5 phr. And its mechanical properties result was concluded as follows: tensile strength was 169,87 kg/cm2, elongation at break was 648,03 %, hardness was 46,33 shore A, good flexing and no cracks, density was 0,93 g/cm3, abrasion resistance was 346,26 mm3, 50% permanent set was 2,15%. All of the parameters required in SNI 0778:2009 were complied, except for its hardness parameter.

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