Pengaruh Waktu Kontak Terhadap Reaksi Antar Muka Paduan Aluminium 7%-si Dan Aluminium 11%-si Dengan Baja Cetakan Skd 61

Bambang Suharno • Neni Octapiani Nurhayati • Bustanul Arifin • Sri Harjanto
Journal article Makara Journal of Technology • November 2007


Effect of Contact Time on Interface Reaction between Aluminum Silicon (7% and 11%) Alloy and Steel DiesSKD 61. Die soldering (die sticking) is a defect of metal casting in which molten metal “welds” to the metallic die moldsurface during casting process. Die soldering is the result of an interface reaction between the molten aluminum and thedie material. Aluminum alloy with 7 and 11% silicon and SKD 61 die steel are the most common melt and die materialused in aluminum die casting. This research is done to study the morphology and the characteristics of the formedAlxFeySiz intermetallic layer during interface reaction at dipping test. The samples of as-anneal SKD 61 tool steel wasdipped into the molten of Al-7%Si held at temperature 680oC and into molten Al-11%Si held at temperature 710oC withthe different contact time of 10 minutes; 30 minutes; and 50 minutes. The research results showed that the interfacereaction can form a compact intermetallic layer with AlxFey phase and a broken intermetallic layer with AlxFeySizphase on the surface of SKD 61 tool steel. The increasing of the contact time by the immersion of material SKD 61 toolsteel in both of molten Al-7%Si and Al-11%Si will increase the thickness of the AlxFeySiz intermetallic layer until anoptimum point and then decreasing. The micro hardness of the AlxFeySiz intermetallic layer depends on the content ofthe iron. Increasing of the iron content in intermetallic layer will increase the micro hardness of the AlxFeySiz. Thiscondition happened because the increasing of Fe content will cause forming of intermetallic AlxFeySiz phase becomesquicker.




Makara Journal of Technology

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