The founding fathers of the Indonesian Republic, Soekarno and Moh. Hatta, whobecame first President and Vice President respectively, designated the agriculturalsector as the major factor contributing to Indonesia's economic growth. Prof AnneBooth's research findings during the Green Revolution in the mid-1970s also indicatethe importance of the agricultural sector. Food self-sufficiency in the country wasachieved in 1985, when Indonesia was close to its “take-off” stage.However, subsequent developments after the New Order period indicated a gradual shiftof policy guide lines from People's Welfare to Export-driven Growth and IncreasingForeign investment. Five Presidents since Sukarno have neglected the urgency ofagrarian reform in Indonesia.