Characteristics of Vacuum Freeze Drying with Utilization of Internal Cooling and Condenser Waste Heat for Sublimation

Muhammad Idrus Alhamid • Nasruddin Yusuf • Indra Teuku Meurah Mahlia • Engkos Ahmad Kosasih • Muhamad Yulianto 1 more
Journal article Makara Journal of Technology • August 2013

Abstract

Vacuum freeze drying is an excellent drying method, but it is very energy-intensive because a relatively long drying time is required. This research investigates the utilization of condenser waste heat for sublimation as a way of accelerating the drying rate. In addition, it also investigates the effect of internal cooling combined with vacuum cooling in the pressure reduction process. Jelly fish tentacles were used as the specimen, with different configurations for condenser heat waste and internal cooling valve opening. The results show that heating with condenser heat waste can accelerate the drying rate up to 0.0035 kg/m2.s. In addition, pre-freezing by internal cooling prevents evaporation until the mass of the specimen is 0.47 g and promotes transition of the specimen into the solid phase.

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Makara Journal of Technology

Makara Journal of Technology is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal committed to the advan... see more